Trial Search Results

The Effectiveness of Three Drug Combinations in HIV-Infected Patients Who Have Taken Zidovudine for More Than 12 Weeks

To compare the effect of stavudine (d4T) alone or with zidovudine (AZT) versus didanosine (ddI) alone or with AZT on CD4 counts, HIV RNA levels, and viral load in HIV-infected patients [AS PER AMENDMENT 3/21/97: To compare the effects of d4T alone versus ddI alone versus AZT plus ddI]. To compare the safety of d4T/AZT. AS PER AMENDMENT 3/21/97: To evaluate the pharmacokinetic interactions of AZT and d4T both at an extracellular and intracellular level.

Although AZT and ddI can delay the advancement of HIV disease, the benefit of either of these drugs has proven to be only temporary. d4T, a new nucleoside analog with a favorable toxicity profile and demonstrated activity against HIV, offers an additional therapeutic option. It is reasonably assumed that the benefit of an antiretroviral agent in terms of delaying clinical disease progression is directly related to its ability to achieve and sustain viral suppression; thus, this study measures effects on viral load and CD4 count.

Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial.

Lead Sponsor:

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Collaborator: Bristol-Myers Squibb

Stanford Investigator(s):


  • Drug: Stavudine
  • Drug: Zidovudine
  • Drug: Didanosine


Phase 2


Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Required for patients whose CD4 count falls below 200 cells/mm3:

   - PCP prophylaxis with TMP/SMX, aerosolized pentamidine, or dapsone.


   - Atovaquone, IV pentamidine, trimethoprim-dapsone, clindamycin-primaquine,
   trimetrexate, or TMP/SMX for acute PCP.

   - Topical antifungals, clotrimazole, ketoconazole, fluconazole, and amphotericin B for
   mucosal and esophageal candidiasis.

   - Itraconazole.

   - Amphotericin B.

   - Rifabutin.

   - Isoniazid.

   - Pyrazinamide.

   - Clofazimine.

   - Clarithromycin.

   - Azithromycin.

   - Ethambutol.

   - Amikacin.

   - Ciprofloxacin.

   - Ofloxacin.

   - Pyrimethamine.

   - Sulfadiazine.

   - Clindamycin.

   - Ganciclovir.

   - G-CSF.

   - Acyclovir (up to 1000 mg/day).

   - Erythropoietin.

   - Antibiotics for bacterial infections.

   - Antipyretics.

   - Analgesics.

   - Antiemetics.

   - Rifampin.

Concurrent Treatment:


   - Local radiation therapy.

Patients must have:

   - HIV infection.

   - CD4 count 300-600 cells/mm3.

   - More than 12 weeks (was 24 weeks, AMENDED 3/31/96) of total prior AZT ( > 500 mg/day
   without serious adverse event). Subjects must be actively taking ZDV for at least 4
   continuous weeks up to the time of study entry.

   - No prior or current history of AIDS.

   - No active opportunistic infection.

   - Life expectancy of at least 2 years.

   - Consent of patient and parent or guardian if less than 18 years of age.


   - Protocol is approved for prisoner enrollment.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

   - Malignancy requiring systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy.

   - Serious underlying medical condition other than HIV that would reduce life expectancy
   to < 2 years.

Concurrent Medication:


   - Antiretrovirals other than study drugs.

   - Foscarnet.

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

   - Unexplained temperature >= 38.5 C for 7 days or chronic diarrhea (>= three stools
   daily) for 15 days, if occurring within 30 days prior to study entry.

   - History of acute or chronic pancreatitis.

   - History of grade 2 or higher peripheral neuropathy.

   - History of grade 3 or worse intolerance to 500-600 mg/day AZT.

Prior Medication:


(within 30 days prior to study entry)

   - Prior ddI, ddC, 3TC or d4T (more than 2 weeks total).

   - Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor or protease inhibitor.

   - Biologic response modifiers such as interferon and IL-2.

   - Other experimental therapy.

Ages Eligible for Study

12 Years - N/A

Genders Eligible for Study


Not currently accepting new patients for this trial

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Not Recruiting