Trial Search Results

Combination Chemotherapy With or Without Donor Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

This phase II trial is studying the side effects of giving combination chemotherapy together with or without donor stem cell transplant and to see how well it works in treating patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more cancer cells. Giving chemotherapy and total-body irradiation before a donor stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of cancer cells. It also stops the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. The donated stem cells may replace the patient's immune cells and help destroy any remaining cancer cells (graft-versus-tumor effect).

Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial.

Lead Sponsor:

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Intervention(s):

  • Procedure: Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
  • Drug: Cytarabine
  • Drug: Dasatinib
  • Drug: Dexamethasone
  • Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
  • Drug: Etoposide
  • Biological: Filgrastim
  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
  • Drug: Leucovorin Calcium
  • Drug: Methotrexate
  • Drug: Methylprednisolone
  • Procedure: Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Drug: Prednisone
  • Drug: Sirolimus
  • Drug: Tacrolimus
  • Radiation: Total-Body Irradiation
  • Drug: Vincristine Sulfate

Phase:

Phase 2

Eligibility


Inclusion Criteria:

   - INDUCTION/CONSOLIDATION REGISTRATION:

   - Patients must have a morphologic diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), with
   evidence of ALL involvement in bone marrow and/or blood; patients with only
   extramedullary disease in the absence of bone marrow or blood involvement are not
   eligible; patients with M0 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or mixed lineage leukemia are
   not eligible for this study; patients with L3 (Burkitts) are also not eligible

      - For ALL in marrow or peripheral blood, immunophenotyping of the blood or marrow
      lymphoblasts must be performed to determine lineage (B cell, T-cell, or mixed B/T
      cell); NOTE: appropriate marker studies including cluster of differentiation
      (CD)19 (B cell), CD10, CD5, and CD7 (T cell) must be performed; co-expression of
      myeloid antigens (CD13 and CD33) will not exclude patients; if possible, the
      lineage specific markers cytoplasmic CD22 or CD79a (B cells), cytoplasmic CD3 (T
      cells) and cytoplasmic myeloperoxidase (MPO) (myeloid cells) must be determined

   - Patients may have received no more than one course of remission induction therapy for
   ALL; patients who have received any post-remission therapy for ALL or who have
   relapsed from complete remission are not eligible; (patients with previously untreated
   ALL can be eligible, and patients who have received one course of remission induction
   therapy for ALL can be eligible, regardless of their response to therapy); patients
   may have received no more than 14 days of tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy prior to
   registration; any prior induction chemotherapy must have been completed no more than
   28 days prior to registration

      - NOTE: If the patient has been initiated on the protocol defined regimen (i.e. the
      hyper-CVAD regimen without a tyrosine kinase inhibitor) before the Philadelphia
      chromosome (Ph)/BCR-ABL status was known, the patient may be registered on the
      protocol and start dasatinib; in this first course, dasatinib will be
      administered up to day 14 (i.e. if the patient is registered on day 5 and starts
      therapy on day 6, only 8 days of dasatinib will be administered and dasatinib
      will be completed on day 14)

   - For patients who have received any prior therapy that was NOT remission induction
   therapy, one of the following must be true:

      - At least 6 weeks must have elapsed since any monoclonal antibodies were given, at
      least 7 days must have elapsed since any other treatment was given, and all
      toxicities of the remission induction therapy must have resolved to grade =< 2

      - The patient must have rapidly progressive disease (per institutional guidelines)

   - For previously treated patients, the study chair must be contacted before
   registration, in order to determine the regimen to be given in the first course of
   induction/consolidation therapy, based on prior therapy

   - Patients must be Philadelphia (Ph) positive and/or BCR/ABL positive as confirmed by
   standard cytogenetics, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), and/or polymerase
   chain reaction (PCR) testing performed by local laboratory; NOTE: samples will be
   submitted centrally for verification of results

   - Patients must have a bilirubin =< 3.0 x institutional upper limit of normal (IULN)
   within 14 days prior to registration

   - Patients must have serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate
   aminotransferase [AST]) =< 3.0 x IULN and/or serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase
   (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 3.0 x IULN within 14 days prior to
   registration; if both tests are done then both values must be =< 3.0 x IULN

   - Patients must have a serum creatinine =< 3.0 x IULN within 14 days prior to
   registration

   - Patients must not have active pericardial effusion, ascites, or pleural effusion of
   any grade; exception: if the effusion is suspected to be related to the leukemia, the
   patient may have pericardial effusion of =< grade 2 or pleural effusion =< grade 1

   - Patients may not have any clinically significant cardiovascular disease including the
   following:

      - Myocardial infarction or ventricular tachyarrhythmia within 6 months

      - Prolonged corrected QT (QTc) >= 480 msec (Fridericia correction)

      - Ejection fraction less than institutional normal

      - Major conduction abnormality (unless a cardiac pacemaker is present)

      - Patients with any cardiopulmonary symptoms of unknown cause (e.g. shortness of
      breath, chest pain, etc.) should be evaluated by a baseline echocardiogram with
      or without stress test as needed in addition to electrocardiogram (EKG) to rule
      out QTc prolongation; the patient may be referred to a cardiologist at the
      discretion of the principal investigator; patients with underlying
      cardiopulmonary dysfunction should be excluded from the study

   - Patients must have Zubrod performance status of 0-2

   - No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following: adequately treated
   basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated
   stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any
   other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for 5 years

   - Collection and submission of pre-treatment cytogenetic specimens must be completed
   within 28 days prior to registration on S0805

   - Collection and submission of pretreatment marrow and/or peripheral blood specimens for
   cellular and molecular studies, including verification of BCR/ABL status must be
   completed within 28 days prior to registration

   - Patients must not be pregnant or nursing; women/men of reproductive potential must
   have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method; a woman is considered to be of
   "reproductive potential" if she has had menses at any time in the preceding 12
   consecutive months; in addition to routine contraceptive methods, "effective
   contraception" also includes heterosexual celibacy and surgery intended to prevent
   pregnancy (or with a side-effect of pregnancy prevention) defined as a hysterectomy,
   bilateral oophorectomy or bilateral tubal ligation; however, if at any point a
   previously celibate patient chooses to become heterosexually active during the time
   period for use of contraceptive measures outlined in the protocol, he/she is
   responsible for beginning contraceptive measures

   - Patients must not have prior history of known type I hypersensitivity or anaphylactic
   reactions to doxorubicin

   - Patients or their legally authorized representative must be informed of the
   investigational nature of this study and must sign and give written informed consent
   in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines

   - At the time of patient registration, the treating institution's name and
   identification (ID) number must be provided to the Data Operations Center in Seattle
   in order to ensure that the current (within 365 days) date of institutional review
   board approval for this study has been entered into the data base

   - MAINTENANCE/INTENSIFICATION:

   - Patient must have achieved CR or CRi within 2 courses of Induction/Consolidation
   Chemotherapy; patient must remain in CR or CRi until beginning Maintenance
   Chemotherapy and this must be re-documented by bone marrow and peripheral blood
   examination within 28 days prior to registration to Step 2

   - All treatment related toxicities must have resolved to =< grade 2

   - Patients must not have received allogeneic stem cell transplant

   - TRANSPLANT REGISTRATION:

   - Patients must have an available completely matched sibling donor or a 10/10 matched
   non-sibling donor

   - Patients must have allogeneic stem cell transplant arranged prior to registration to
   Step 3

   - Patients must have documented CR or CRi within 14 days prior to registration to Step 3

   - Patients must not be HIV + (human immunodeficiency virus); a negative HIV test must be
   obtained within 14 days prior to registration

   - POST TRANSPLANT/POST-MAINTENANCE SINGLE-AGENT DASATINIB THERAPY:

   - Patients must have reached day 100 post transplant or must have completed protocol
   maintenance/intensification (or must have been approved by the Study Chair after early
   removal from maintenance/intensification)

   - Patients must be in CR or CRi based on bone marrow and peripheral blood examination
   within 28 days prior to registration to Step 4

   - Patients must have recovered to =< grade 2 from all treatment related toxicity

Ages Eligible for Study

18 Years - 60 Years

Genders Eligible for Study

All

Not currently accepting new patients for this trial

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Cancer Clinical Trials Office
650-498-7061
Not Recruiting