Trial Search Results

Panobinostat With Fludarabine and Cytarabine for Treatment of Children With Acute Myeloid Leukemia or Myelodysplastic Syndrome

The purpose of this study is to test the safety of panobinostat and to find the highest dose of panobinostat that can be given safely when it is combined with fludarabine and cytarabine. This pilot study will be done in two parts: The goal of Part 1 of the study is to find the highest tolerable dose of panobinostat that can be given to patients with AML or MDS, when it is combined with fludarabine and cytarabine. Once that dose is determined, participants will be enrolled on Part 2: Dose Expansion, to look at the effect of the panobinostat/fludarabine/cytarabine combination in patients with leukemia/MDS.

Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial.

Lead Sponsor:

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Stanford Investigator(s):


  • Drug: Panobinostat
  • Drug: Fludarabine
  • Drug: Cytarabine
  • Drug: Intrathecal Triples
  • Drug: Leucovorin


Phase 1


Inclusion Criteria:

   - Participants must have a diagnosis of AML or MDS and must have disease that has
   relapsed or is refractory to chemotherapy, or that has relapsed after hematopoietic
   stem cell transplantation (HSCT).

      - Refractory disease is defined as persistent disease after at least two courses of
      induction chemotherapy.

      - Patients with AML must have ≥ 5% leukemic blasts in the bone marrow or increasing
      levels of minimal residual disease (MRD) in the bone marrow as assessed by flow
      cytometry. If an adequate bone marrow sample cannot be obtained, patients may be
      enrolled if there is unequivocal evidence of leukemia in the peripheral blood.

   - Adequate organ function defined as the following:

      - Direct bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (IULN)

      - AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 x ULN

      - Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN for age

      - Serum albumin > 3.0 g/dl

      - Left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 40% or shortening fraction ≥ 25%.

   - Age ≤ 24 years

   - Patients must be able to swallow capsules

   - Performance status: Lansky ≥ 50 for patients who are ≤ 16 years old and Karnofsky ≥
   50% for patients who are > 16 years old.

   - Patients must have fully recovered from the acute effects of all prior therapy and
   must meet the following criteria:

      - At least 14 days must have elapsed since the completion of myelosuppressive

      - At least 24 hours must have elapsed since the completion of low-dose
      chemotherapy, such as hydroxyurea or low-dose cytarabine (up to 200 mg/m^2/day).

      - For patients who have received prior HSCT, there can be no evidence of GVHD and
      greater than 60 days must have elapsed since the HSCT. Patients cannot be
      receiving therapy, including steroids, for the treatment or prevention of GVHD.
      All such medications must be discontinued at least 24 hours prior to enrollment.

   - Body Surface Area: Because the smallest capsule size available for the panobinostat is
   10 mg, the minimum BSA allowed for enrollment at Dose Level 1 to 0.85 m^2. The minimum
   for Dose Level 2 is BSA=0.6 m^2 and the minimum for Dose Level 3 is BSA=0.42 m^2.

Exclusion Criteria:

   - Must not be pregnant or breastfeeding. Female patients who are sexually active and of
   child-bearing potential must agree to use dual methods of contraception and have a
   negative serum pregnancy test at screening, and male patients who are sexually active
   must use an effective barrier method of contraception if sexually active with a female
   of child-bearing potential. For both male and female patients who are sexually active,
   effective methods of contraception must be used throughout the study and for three
   months following the last dose. Abstinence is an acceptable form of contraception.

   - Patients with Down syndrome, acute promyelocytic leukemia, juvenile myelomonocytic
   leukemia, Fanconi anemia, Kostmann syndrome, Shwachman syndrome, or other bone marrow
   failure syndromes are not eligible.

   - Use of investigational agents within 30 days.

   - Any significant concurrent disease, illness, or psychiatric disorder that would
   compromise patient safety or compliance, study participation, follow up, or
   interpretation of study research.

   - Uncontrolled infection within one week of the first dose. Infections controlled on
   concurrent anti-microbial agents are acceptable, and anti-microbial prophylaxis per
   institutional guidelines are acceptable.

   - Known human immunodeficiency virus infection (pre-study testing not required).

   - Patient with diarrhea > CTCAE grade 2. (CTCAE version 4.0)

   - Impaired cardiac function or clinically significant cardiac diseases, history of
   arrhythmia (including ventricular fibrillation or torsade de pointes), bradycardia <50
   bpm, screening ECG with prolonged QTc (> 450 msec), uncontrolled hypertension or any
   history or presence of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmia.

   - Impairment of GI function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of

   - Patients using medications that have a relative risk of prolonging the QT interval or
   inducing torsade de pointes if treatment cannot be discontinued or switched to a
   different medication prior to starting treatment. Granisetron may be administered, but
   antiemetics associated with QT prolongation (e.g., ondansetron) are not allowed.

Ages Eligible for Study

N/A - 24 Years

Genders Eligible for Study


Not currently accepting new patients for this trial

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Not Recruiting