Trial Search Results

Vincristine, Dactinomycin, and Doxorubicin With or Without Radiation Therapy or Observation Only in Treating Younger Patients Who Are Undergoing Surgery for Newly Diagnosed Stage I, Stage II, or Stage III Wilms' Tumor

This phase III trial is studying vincristine, dactinomycin, and doxorubicin with or without radiation therapy or observation only to see how well they work in treating patients undergoing surgery for newly diagnosed stage I, stage II, or stage III Wilms' tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vincristine, dactinomycin, and doxorubicin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving these treatments after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery. Sometimes, after surgery, the tumor may not need additional treatment until it progresses. In this case, observation may be sufficient.

Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial.

Lead Sponsor:

Children's Oncology Group

Collaborator: National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Stanford Investigator(s):

Intervention(s):

  • Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
  • Drug: vincristine sulfate
  • Biological: dactinomycin
  • Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
  • Radiation: 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy

Phase:

Phase 3

Eligibility


Inclusion Criteria:

   - Histologically confirmed Wilms' tumor

      - Newly diagnosed stage I-III disease

      - Favorable histology

   - No moderate- or high-risk Wilms' predisposition syndromes

   - Must meet 1 of the following disease stratification categories:

      - Very low-risk disease

         - Stage I disease

         - Age < 2 years

         - Tumor weight < 550 g

         - Regional lymph nodes histologically negative (must have been sampled)

         - No pulmonary metastases on CT scan of chest

         - No synchronous bilateral Wilms tumors (Stage V)

         - Not predisposed to develop bilateral Wilms tumors, defined as unilateral
         Wilms tumor and any of the following:

            - Aniridia

            - Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome

            - Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome

            - Denys-Drash syndrome or other associated genito-urinary anomalies

            - Multicentric WT or unilateral WT with contralateral nephrogenic rest(s)
            in a child < 1 year of age

            - Diffuse hyperplastic perilobar nephroblastomatosis

      - Standard-risk disease meeting 1 of the following criteria:

         - Disease does not require radiotherapy

            - LOH at chromosomes 1p and 16q for stage I or II

            - Stage I disease meeting 1 of the following criteria:

               - Age ≥ 2 years to age < 30 years

               - Tumor weight ≥ 500 g

            - Stage II disease

               - Age < 30 years

               - Any tumor weight

         - Disease requires radiotherapy

            - No LOH at chromosomes 1p and 16q*

            - Stage III disease

   - Must be enrolled on protocol COG-AREN03B2

   - Karnofsky performance status (PS) 50-100% for patients > 16 years old

   - Lansky PS 50-100% for patients ≤ 16 years old

   - Bilirubin (direct) ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

   - AST or ALT < 2.5 times ULN

   - Shortening fraction ≥ 27% by echocardiogram OR ejection fraction ≥ 50% by radionuclide
   angiogram (standard-risk disease)

   - Not pregnant or nursing

   - Negative pregnancy test

   - Fertile patient must use effective contraception

   - No prior tumor-directed chemotherapy or radiotherapy

      - Patients transferring from AREN03B2 with LOH 1p and 16q allowed

Ages Eligible for Study

N/A - 29 Years

Genders Eligible for Study

All

Not currently accepting new patients for this trial

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Peds Hem/Onc CRAs
650-723-5535
Not Recruiting