Trial Search Results

N2004-03: Intravenous Fenretinide in Treating Young Patients With Recurrent or Resistant Neuroblastoma

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fenretinide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of intravenous fenretinide in treating young patients with recurrent or resistant neuroblastoma.

Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial.

Lead Sponsor:

Nant Operations Center

Collaborator: National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Stanford Investigator(s):


  • Drug: fenretinide
  • Other: high performance liquid chromatography
  • Other: pharmacological study


Phase 1



   - Diagnosis of neuroblastoma either by histological confirmation and/or demonstration of
   tumor cells in the bone marrow with increased urinary catecholamines

      - Differentiating ganglioneuroblastoma allowed

         - No histological evidence only of ganglioneuroma by tumor biopsy or bone
         marrow biopsy

   - High-risk disease meeting at least one of the following criteria:

      - Recurrent/progressive disease at any time

      - Refractory disease (i.e., less than a partial response to front-line therapy that
      included ≥ 4 courses of chemotherapy)

      - Persistent disease after at least a partial response to front-line therapy (i.e.,
      still has residual disease by MIBG, CT/MRI, or bone marrow biopsy)

         - Biopsy of at least one residual site demonstrating viable neuroblastoma
         required (tumor by bone marrow morphology is considered adequate
         documentation of disease)

   - Measurable disease meeting at least one of the following criteria:

      - Measurable tumor on MRI or CT scan, defined as at least one unidimensionally
      measurable lesion ≥ 20 mm by conventional techniques or ≥ 10 mm by spiral CT scan

         - For patients with persistent disease, a biopsy* of bone marrow or bone or
         soft tissue site must have demonstrated viable neuroblastoma

      - MIBG scan with positive uptake at a minimum of one site

         - For patients with persistent disease, a biopsy* of a MIBG positive site must
         have demonstrated viable neuroblastoma

      - Bone marrow with tumor cells seen on routine morphology (not by NSE staining
      only) of bilateral aspirate and/or biopsy of one bone marrow sample NOTE: *If the
      lesion was irradiated, the biopsy must have been done at least 4 weeks after
      completion of radiotherapy

   - No CNS parenchymal or meningeal-based lesions

      - Skull-based tumor lesions with or without intracranial extension are allowed
      provided there are no neurologic signs or symptoms or hydrocephalus related to
      the lesion

      - Patients with a history of complete surgical resection of CNS lesions are
      eligible provided there is no evidence of CNS lesions by MRI or CT scan at study

      - Patients with a history of CNS lesions must be off corticosteroid therapy for CNS
      lesions for ≥ 4 weeks


   - Performance status 0-2

   - Life expectancy ≥ 2 months

   - ANC ≥ 500/mm³

   - Platelet count ≥ 50,000/mm³ (transfusion independent)

   - Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL (transfusion independent)

   - Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 times normal for age

   - Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times normal for age

   - ALT and AST ≤ 3 times normal for age

   - Serum triglycerides < 300 mg/dL

   - Serum calcium < 11.6 mg/dL

   - Lipase normal for age

   - PT/PTT ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal for age (without fresh frozen plasma support;
   vitamin K allowed)

   - Not pregnant or nursing

   - Negative pregnancy test

   - Fertile patients must use effective contraception prior to, during, and for 2 months
   after completion of study treatment

   - LVEF ≥ 55% by ECHO or MUGA scan OR fractional shortening ≥ 27% by ECHO

   - No EKG abnormality

   - No dyspnea at rest or requirement for oxygen

   - No hematuria and/or proteinuria > 1+ on urinalysis

   - No known history of allergy to egg products

   - No known history of allergy to soy bean oil

   - No skin toxicity > grade 1 per CTCAE v3

   - Seizure disorder allowed if seizures are controlled on anticonvulsants and the
   anticonvulsant(s) is not contraindicated

   - Known genetic, metabolic, or psychiatric conditions, or other ongoing serious medical
   issues must be approved by the study chair prior to study registration


   - Recovered from all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy

   - More than 3 weeks since prior myelosuppressive chemotherapy (4 weeks for nitrosoureas)
   and/or biologic therapy without stem cell support

   - More than 7 days since prior hematopoietic growth factors

   - No prior radiotherapy to the only site of measurable disease unless there has been
   subsequent disease progression at that site or a biopsy of that site showed viable
   neuroblastoma ≥ 4 weeks after completion of radiotherapy

   - Prior CNS irradiation allowed

   - At least 2 weeks since prior small field (focal) radiotherapy

   - At least 6 weeks since prior large field radiotherapy (i.e., total-body irradiation,
   craniospinal radiotherapy, whole abdominal or total lung radiotherapy, or radiotherapy
   to > 50% of marrow space)

   - At least 56 days since prior myeloablative autologous stem cell transplantation

   - At least 4 weeks since prior myelosuppressive therapy with stem cell support

   - At least 6 weeks since prior MIBG therapy

   - Prior oral fenretinide therapy allowed

   - At least 3 weeks since prior retinoid therapies

   - No prior organ transplantation

   - No prior myeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplantation unless stem cells were
   from an identical twin sibling

   - No concurrent systemic corticosteroids, including corticosteroids for emesis control

      - Concurrent inhaled corticosteroids for asthma control or steroids for metabolic
      deficiency states allowed

   - Concurrent palliative radiotherapy allowed provided the irradiated sites will not be
   used to measure response

   - No concurrent parenteral intralipids

   - No other concurrent chemotherapy or immunomodulating agents

   - No concurrent drugs suspected of causing pseudotumor cerebri, including tetracycline,
   nalidixic acid, nitrofurantoin, phenytoin, sulfonamides, lithium, or amiodarone

   - No concurrent vitamin A, C, or E supplements (except as part of routine total
   parenteral nutrition [TPN] supplements or as part of a single daily standard dose of
   oral multivitamin supplement)

   - No concurrent medications that may potentially act as modulators of intracellular
   ceramide levels or ceramide cytotoxicity, sphingolipid transport, or p-glycoprotein
   (MDR1) or MDR1 drug/lipid transporters, including cyclosporine or analogue, verapamil,
   tamoxifen or analogue, ketoconazole, chlorpromazine, mifepristone (RU486),
   indomethacin, or sulfinpyrazone

   - No other concurrent anticancer agents

   - No concurrent herbal supplements or other alternative therapy medications

   - No concurrent anti-arrhythmia or inotropic cardiac medications

Ages Eligible for Study

N/A - 30 Years

Genders Eligible for Study


Not currently accepting new patients for this trial

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Peds Hem/Onc CRAs
Not Recruiting