Trial Search Results

Self-Defense Training in Women With Trauma

Previous research has shown that self-defense training can lead to gains in women's assertiveness, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and physical competence, and decreases in anxiety, helplessness, fear, and avoidant behaviors. However, most of this research has been conducted with healthy women who had not previously experienced physical or sexual violence. The investigators believe that women with such trauma histories require additional care because of potential triggering symptoms. As such, the investigators are mindful of the potential for triggering trauma symptoms and will work with the women so that they feel safe and comfortable in their participation. This pilot study aims to examine whether similar psychological gains from self-defense training are made in women who have previous experiences of physical and/or sexual violence.

Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial.

Lead Sponsor:

Stanford University

Stanford Investigator(s):


  • Behavioral: Life skills and self-defense training




Inclusion Criteria:

   1. Women ages 21-65 years

   2. History of physical and/or sexual violence, with subsequent interpersonal or
   psychological distress (e.g., depression or anxiety) related to this history.

Exclusion Criteria:

   1. Substance abuse in the past 6 months

   2. Significant medical conditions that would preclude safe participation in the study

   3. High levels of depression with significant suicide risk

   4. Pregnant women

   5. Active symptoms of psychosis or psychiatric instability

   6. History of assaultive behavior or is judged to be at potential risk to assault others.

Ages Eligible for Study

21 Years - 65 Years

Genders Eligible for Study


Not currently accepting new patients for this trial

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Jennifer Keller