Trial Search Results
Safety & Efficacy Study of the Medtronic CoreValve® System-Treatment of Symptomatic Severe Aortic Stenosis With Significant Comorbidities in Extreme Risk Subjects Who Need Aortic Valve Replacement
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Medtronic CoreValve® System for the treatment of symptomatic severe aortic stenosis in subjects with significant comorbidities in whom the risk of surgical aortic valve replacement has a predicted operative mortality or serious, irreversible morbidity risk of ≥50% at 30 days.
Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial.
- Device: Medtronic CoreValve® System Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI)
- Subject must have co-morbidities such that one cardiologist and two cardiac surgeons
agree that medical factors preclude operation, based on a conclusion that the
probability of death or serious morbidity exceeds the probability of meaningful
improvement. Specifically, the predicted operative risk of death or serious,
irreversible morbidity is ≥ 50% at 30 days.
- Subjects must meet all of the criteria under at least one of the sub-groups 2a-c:
a. Senile degenerative aortic valve stenosis and i. At least one of the following
1. Severe (≥3-4+) mitral valve regurgitation as measured by echocardiography
2. Severe (≥3-4+) tricuspid valve regurgitation as measured by echocardiography
3. End-stage renal disease requiring renal replacement therapy (Stage 5 of the KDOQI
CKD Classification) or creatinine clearance <20cc/min but not requiring renal
ii. mean gradient > 40 mmHg or jet velocity greater than 4.0 m/sec by either
resting or dobutamine stress echocardiogram (if the LVEF < 50%), or simultaneous
pressure recordings at cardiac catheterization either resting or with dobutamine
stress (if the LVEF < 50%) AND iii. an initial aortic valve area of ≤ 0.8 cm2 (or
aortic valve area index ≤0.5 cm2/m2) by resting echocardiogram or simultaneous
pressure recordings at cardiac catheterization
b. Low gradient, low output aortic stenosis as defined by the presence of all
three of the following i. In the presence of LVEF <50%, absence of contractile
reserve, a mean gradient ≥25mmHg and <40mmHg AND jet velocity less than 4.0m/sec
with dobutamine stress echocardiography or simultaneous pressure recordings at
cardiac catheterization OR In the presence of LVEF ≥50%, a mean gradient ≥25mmHg
and <40mmHg AND jet velocity less than 4.0 m/sec, by echocardiography or
simultaneous pressure recordings at cardiac catheterization AND ii. an initial
aortic valve area of ≤0.8 cm2 (or aortic valve area index ≤0.5 cm2/m2) by resting
echocardiogram or simultaneous pressure recordings at cardiac catheterization AND
iii. radiographic evidence of severe aortic valve calcification AND/OR c. Failed
bioprosthetic surgical aortic valve
- Subject is symptomatic from his/her aortic valve stenosis, as demonstrated by New York
Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Class II or greater.
- The subject or the subject's legal representative has been informed of the nature of
the study, agrees to its provisions and has provided written informed consent as
approved by the IRB of the respective clinical site.
- The subject and the treating physician agree that the subject will return for all
required post-procedure follow-up visits.
- Evidence of an acute myocardial infarction ≤30 days before the MCS TAVI procedure.
- Any percutaneous coronary or peripheral interventional procedure performed within 30
days prior to the MCS TAVI procedure
- Blood dyscrasias as defined: leukopenia (WBC <1000mm3), thrombocytopenia (platelet
count <50,000 cells/mm3), history of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy.
- Untreated clinically significant coronary artery disease requiring revascularization.
- Cardiogenic shock manifested by low cardiac output, vasopressor dependence, or
mechanical hemodynamic support.
- Need for emergency surgery for any reason.
- Severe ventricular dysfunction with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <20% as
measured by resting echocardiogram.
- Recent (within 6 months) cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or transient ischemic attack
- Active Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding that would preclude anticoagulation.
- A known hypersensitivity or contraindication to all anticoagulation/antiplatelet
regimens (including ability to be anticoagulated for the index procedure), nitinol, or
[allergic] sensitivity to contrast media which cannot be adequately pre-medicated.
- Ongoing sepsis, including active endocarditis.
- Subject refuses a blood transfusion.
- Life expectancy <12 months due to associated non-cardiac co-morbid conditions.
- Other medical, social, or psychological conditions that in the opinion of an
Investigator precludes the subject from appropriate consent.
- Severe dementia (resulting in either inability to provide informed consent for the
study/procedure, prevents independent lifestyle outside of a chronic care facility, or
will fundamentally complicate rehabilitation from the procedure or compliance with
- Currently participating in an investigational drug or another device study.
- Symptomatic carotid or vertebral artery disease.
Subject has a:
- Native aortic annulus size <18 mm or >29 mm per the baseline diagnostic imaging (not
applicable for TAV in SAV subjects) OR
- Surgical bioprosthetic annulus <17mm or >29mm i. Stented SAV per the manufactured
labeled inner diameter OR ii. Stentless SAV per the baseline diagnostic imaging
- Subject has a pre-existing prosthetic heart valve with a rigid support structure in
either the mitral or pulmonic position:
1. that could affect the implantation or function of the study valve OR
2. the implantation of the study valve could affect the function of the pre-existing
prosthetic heart valve
- Moderate to severe mitral stenosis.
- Mixed aortic valve disease: aortic stenosis and aortic regurgitation with predominant
aortic regurgitation, (AR is moderate-severe to severe (≥3-4+))(except for failed
- Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.
- Echocardiographic evidence of new or untreated intracardiac mass, thrombus or
- Severe basal septal hypertrophy with an outflow gradient.
- Aortic root angulation (angle between plane of aortic valve annulus and horizontal
plane/vertebrae) >70° (for femoral and left subclavian/axillary access) and >30° (for
right subclavian/axillary access).
- Ascending aorta that exceeds the maximum diameter for any given native or surgical
bioprosthetic* aortic annulus size (see table below) Aortic Annulus Diameter/
Ascending Aorta Diameter, 18 mm* - 20 mm/ >34 mm, 20 mm - 23 mm/ >40 mm, 23 mm - 27
mm/ >43 mm, 27 mm - 29 mm/ >43 mm,
* 17mm for surgical bioprosthetic aortic annulus
- Congenital bicuspid or unicuspid valve verified by echocardiography (Not applicable
for TAV in SAV subjects).
- Sinus of valsalva anatomy that would prevent adequate coronary perfusion.
- Degenerated surgical bioprothesis presents with a significant concomitant perivalvular
leak (between prothesis and native annulus), is not securely fixed in the native
annulus, or is not structurally intact (e.g. wireform frame fracture) (ONLY FOR TAV in
- Degenerated surgical bioprothesis presents with a partially detached leaflet that in
the aortic position may obstruct a coronary ostium (ONLY FOR TAV in SAV subjects)
- Transarterial access not able to accommodate an 18Fr sheath.
Ages Eligible for Study
N/A - N/A
Genders Eligible for Study