Trial Search Results

Liposome-encapsulated Daunorubicin-Cytarabine, Fludarabine Phosphate, Cytarabine, and Filgrastim in Treating Younger Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of liposome-encapsulated daunorubicin-cytarabine when given with fludarabine phosphate, cytarabine, and filgrastim and to see how well they work in treating younger patients with acute myeloid leukemia that has come back after treatment (relapsed) or is not responding to treatment (is refractory).

Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial.

Lead Sponsor:

Children's Oncology Group

Collaborator: National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Stanford Investigator(s):


  • Drug: Cytarabine
  • Biological: Filgrastim
  • Drug: Fludarabine Phosphate
  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
  • Drug: Liposome-encapsulated Daunorubicin-Cytarabine
  • Other: Pharmacological Study


Phase 1/Phase 2


Inclusion Criteria:

   - Patients must have had histologic verification of AML at original diagnosis

   - Patient must have one of the following:

      - Recurrent disease with >= 5% blasts in the bone marrow (M2/M3 bone marrow), with
      or without extramedullary disease.

      - Recurrent disease with an absolute blast count greater than 1,000 per microliter
      in the peripheral blood with or without extramedullary disease

   - To be eligible for the dose-finding phase: (the dose-finding phase completed in

      - Relapsed patients

         - Patients must be in first relapse, and

         - Patients must not have received prior re-induction therapy

      - Refractory patients

         - Patients must not have received more than one attempt at remission
         induction, which may consist of up to two different therapy courses;
         Children Oncology Group (COG) AAML1031 de novo therapy including induction I
         and induction II is an example

      - Treatment-related AML (t-AML)

         - Patients must be previously untreated for secondary AML

   - To be eligible for the phase 2 efficacy phase:

      - Relapse patients:

         - Patients must be in first marrow relapse, and

         - Patients must not have received prior re-induction therapy; donor lymphocyte
         infusion (DLI) is considered a re-induction attempt

   - Patients must have the status of CNS1 or CNS2 only, and no clinical signs or
   neurologic symptoms suggestive of CNS leukemia, such as cranial palsy

   - Patients must have a performance status corresponding to an Eastern Cooperative
   Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1 or 2; use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of
   age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age; Note: patients who are unable to walk
   because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory
   for the purpose of assessing the performance score

   - Patients must have recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy,
   immunotherapy, stem cell transplant or radiotherapy prior to entering this study; all
   prior treatment-related toxicities must have resolved to =< grade 2 prior to

   - Myelosuppressive chemotherapy: must not have received myelosuppressive chemotherapy
   within 3 weeks of entry onto this study (excluding hydroxyurea)

      - Cytoreduction with hydroxyurea can be initiated and continued for up to 24 hours
      prior to the start of CPX-351

   - Biologic (anti-neoplastic agent): at least 7 days since the completion of therapy with
   a biologic agent such as steroids, retinoids; Note: for agents that have known adverse
   events occurring beyond 7 days after administration (i.e. monoclonal antibodies), this
   period must be extended beyond the time during which acute adverse events are known to

   - Radiation therapy (RT): >= 2 weeks for local palliative RT (small port); >= 6 months
   must have elapsed if prior craniospinal RT or if >= 50% radiation of pelvis; >= 6
   weeks must have elapsed if other substantial bone marrow (BM) radiation; Note:
   patients must have received =< than 13.6 Gray (Gy) prior radiation to the mediastinum

   - Stem cell transplant (SCT): no evidence of active graft vs. host disease for at least
   4 weeks; for allogeneic SCT patients, >= 3 months must have elapsed since transplant

      - Must have received no more than 1 prior autologous or allogeneic stem cell

      - Patients must be off all systemic immunosuppressive therapy for at least 2 weeks,
      excluding hydrocortisone for physiologic cortisol replacement

   - Intrathecal cytotoxic therapy:

      - No waiting period is required for patients having received intrathecal
      cytarabine, methotrexate, and/or hydrocortisone

      - At least 14 days must have elapsed since receiving liposomal cytarabine
      (DepoCyte) by intrathecal injection

   - Growth factors:

      - Patients must not have received growth factors for 7 days prior to CPX-351

      - Patients must not have received pegfilgrastim for 14 days prior to CPX-351

   - Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70
   mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:

      - Age 1 to < 2 years: maximum serum creatinine 0.6 mg/dL (males and females)

      - Age 2 to < 6 years: maximum serum creatinine 0.8 mg/dL (males and females)

      - Age 6 to < 10 years: maximum serum creatinine 1.0 mg/dL (males and females)

      - Age 10 to < 13 years: maximum serum creatinine 1.2 mg/dL (males and females)

      - Age 13 to < 16 years: maximum serum creatinine 1.5 mg/dL (males) and 1.4 mg/dL

      - Age >= 16 years: maximum serum creatinine 1.7 mg/dL (males) and 1.4 mg/dL

   - Direct bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age and institution

   - Serum glutamate pyruvate (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 3.0 x upper limit
   of normal (ULN) for age and institution (unless it is related to leukemic involvement)

   - Shortening fraction of >= 27% by echocardiogram, or

   - Ejection fraction of >= 50% by radionuclide angiogram or echocardiogram

   - Corrected QT (using Bazett's formula [QTcB]) interval < 500 msecs

   - Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on anticonvulsants and if seizures
   are well controlled

   - Central nervous system (CNS) toxicity =< grade 2

   - Patients with a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are eligible, if
   they meet all of the following conditions:

      - No history of HIV complications with the exception of cluster of differentiation
      (CD)4 count < 200 cells/mm^3

      - No antiretroviral therapy with overlapping toxicity such as myelosuppression

      - HIV viral loads below the limit of detection

      - No history of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-resistant HIV

   - All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed

   - All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute
   (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met

Exclusion Criteria:

   - Patients who have received > 450 mg/m^2 daunorubicin equivalents; patients who relapse
   after receiving AAML0531/AAML1031 therapy will be eligible for this study, provided
   they have not received any additional anthracyclines; NOTE: for the purposes of
   determining eligibility for this protocol, the following cardiotoxicity multipliers
   will be used to determine daunorubicin equivalents:

      - Doxorubicin (doxorubicin hydrochloride): 1

      - Mitoxantrone: 3

      - Idarubicin: 3

      - Epirubicin: 0.5

   - Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug

   - Patients receiving medications for treatment of left ventricular systolic dysfunction

   - Patients with any of the following diagnoses:

      - Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)

      - Down syndrome

      - Fanconi anemia, Kostmann syndrome, Shwachman syndrome or any other known bone
      marrow failure syndrome

      - Wilson's disease and any other disorder of copper metabolism

      - Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML)

   - Patients with documented active, uncontrolled infection at the time of study entry

   - Patients with known active hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV)

   - Patients with prior allergy to daunorubicin and/or cytarabine

   - Female patients who are pregnant are ineligible

   - Lactating females are not eligible

   - Female patients of childbearing potential are not eligible unless a negative pregnancy
   test result has been obtained

   - Sexually active patients of reproductive potential are not eligible unless they have
   agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study
   participation and for 6 months after the last dose of chemotherapy

Ages Eligible for Study

1 Year - 21 Years

Genders Eligible for Study


Not currently accepting new patients for this trial

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Jennifer Marcellus
Not Recruiting