Trial Search Results

Inotuzumab Ozogamicin in Treating Younger Patients With B-Lymphoblastic Lymphoma or Relapsed or Refractory CD22 Positive B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

This phase II trial studies how well inotuzumab ozogamicin works in treating younger patients with B-lymphoblastic lymphoma or CD22 positive B acute lymphoblastic leukemia that has come back (relapsed) or does not respond to treatment (refractory). Inotuzumab ozogamicin is a monoclonal antibody, called inotuzumab, linked to a toxic agent called ozogamicin. Inotuzumab attaches to CD22 positive cancer cells in a targeted way and delivers ozogamicin to kill them.

Stanford is currently accepting patients for this trial.

Lead Sponsor:

Children's Oncology Group

Collaborator: National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Stanford Investigator(s):

Intervention(s):

  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
  • Drug: Cytarabine
  • Biological: Inotuzumab Ozogamicin
  • Drug: Leucovorin Calcium
  • Drug: Mercaptopurine
  • Drug: Methotrexate
  • Drug: Pegaspargase
  • Drug: Vincristine

Phase:

Phase 2

Eligibility


Inclusion Criteria:

   - Patients must have B-ALL, or previously diagnosed B lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LL),
   with >= 5% (M2 or M3) bone marrow blasts with or without extramedullary disease

      - NOTE: Relapsed patients previously diagnosed with B-lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LL)
      are eligible if they have an M2 or M3 marrow at the time of enrollment on this
      study

   - Patients with ALL or B-LL who have M2 morphology must have local confirmatory testing
   showing >= 5% blasts by flow cytometry, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)
   testing or other molecular method

   - Leukemic blasts must demonstrate surface expression of CD22 at the time of relapse by
   local/institutional flow cytometry of a bone marrow aspirate sample; (assessment of
   CD22 using a bright fluorophore such as phycoerythrin [PE] is strongly recommended)

      - In the case of an inadequate aspirate sample (dry tap) or if bone marrow aspirate
      is unable to be performed due to patient clinical status, flow cytometry of
      peripheral blood specimen may be substituted if the patient has at least 1,000/uL
      circulating blasts; alternatively, CD22 expression may be documented by
      immunohistochemistry of a bone marrow biopsy specimen

   - Patients with one of the following:

      - Second or greater relapse;

      - Primary refractory disease with at least 2 prior induction attempts;

      - First relapse refractory to at least one prior re-induction attempt

      - Any relapse after HSCT (Cohort 1 ONLY)

Patients with Down syndrome are eligible ONLY for Cohort 1 with:

   - Any of above disease status, OR

   - First relapse with no prior re-induction attempt NOTE: Patients with Down syndrome or
   prior HSCT are NOT eligible for Cohort 2 combination therapy

      - Patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)+ ALL must have had two prior therapy
      attempts including two different tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs)

      - Patients must have fully recovered from the acute non-hematologic toxic effects
      of all prior anti-cancer therapy, defined as resolution of all such toxicities to
      =< grade 2 or lower per the inclusion/exclusion criteria prior to entering this
      study

   - Myelosuppressive chemotherapy:

      - No waiting period will be required for patients receiving standard
      "maintenance-like" chemotherapy including oral mercaptopurine, weekly low-dose
      oral methotrexate, and intermittent vincristine/steroid pulses; otherwise, at
      least 14 days must have elapsed since the completion of cytotoxic therapy, with
      the exceptions of hydroxyurea or corticosteroids used for cytoreduction

      - Intrathecal cytotoxic therapy: No waiting period is required for patients having
      received intrathecal cytarabine, methotrexate, and/or hydrocortisone; intrathecal
      chemotherapy given at the time of diagnostic lumbar puncture (LP) to evaluate for
      relapse prior to study enrollment is allowed

   - At least 7 days must have elapsed since the completion of therapy with a growth
   factor; at least 14 days must have elapsed after receiving pegfilgrastim

   - At least 7 days must have elapsed since completion of therapy with a biologic agent
   (including tyrosine kinase inhibitors); for agents that have known adverse events
   occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period prior to enrollment must be
   extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur

   - At least 3 half-lives must have elapsed since prior therapy that included a monoclonal
   antibody with the exception of blinatumomab; patients must have been off blinatumomab
   infusion for at least 3 days and all drug related toxicity must have resolved to grade
   2 or lower as outlined in the inclusion/exclusion criteria

   - >= 2 weeks must have elapsed since local palliative radiation therapy (XRT) (small
   port); >= 3 months must have elapsed if prior cranial or craniospinal XRT was
   received, if >= 50% of the pelvis was irradiated, or if total-body irradiation (TBI)
   was received; >= 6 weeks must have elapsed if other substantial bone marrow
   irradiation was given

   - For Cohort 1, at least 90 days must have elapsed since stem cell transplant and at
   least 30 days from donor lymphocyte infusion; patient must have had no more than one
   previous HSCT and currently have no evidence of active graft versus (vs.) host disease
   (GVHD); for Cohort 2, no prior HSCT is allowed

   - At least 30 days must have elapsed from the last chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T
   cell infusion

      - Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative
      Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1, or 2; use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years
      of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age; patients who are unable to
      walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered
      ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score

      - Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70
      mL/min/1.73 m^2 or

      - A serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:

   - 1 to < 2 years: maximum serum creatinine 0.6 mg/dL (both male and female)

   - 2 to < 6 years: maximum serum creatinine 0.8 mg/dL (both male and female)

   - 6 to < 10 years: maximum serum creatinine 1 mg/dL (both male and female)

   - 10 to < 13 years: maximum serum creatinine 1.2 mg/dL (both male and female)

   - 13 to < 16 years: maximum serum creatinine 1.5 mg/dL (male), 1.4 mg/dL (female)

   - >= 16 years: maximum serum creatinine 1.7 mg/dL (male), 1.4 mg/dL (female)

      - Direct bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age, and

      - Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 5
      x ULN for age; for the purpose of this study, the ULN for ALT will be 45 U/L

Exclusion Criteria:

   - Patients with any prior history of SOS irrespective of severity

   - Patients with isolated central nervous system (CNS), testicular, or any other
   extramedullary site of relapse

   - Patients who have been previously treated with inotuzumab ozogamicin

   - Patients who have previously received HSCT (Cohort 2 only)

   - Patients with Down syndrome (Cohort 2 only)

   - History of allergic reaction attributed to compounds of similar or biologic
   composition to inotuzumab ozogamicin or other agents in the study

      - Note: Patients with history of allergy to pegaspargase are eligible for
      enrollment on Cohort 2 (dose levels 1 and -1) if asparaginase Erwinia can be
      obtained

      - If Cohort 2 is enrolling at dose level -2, then patients who cannot receive
      asparaginase due to prior allergy, toxicity, or lack of access may enroll

      - NOTE: patients on AALL1621 are not eligible to co-enroll on AALL1931

   - Patients with active optic nerve and/or retinal involvement are not eligible; patients
   who are presenting with visual disturbances should have an ophthalmologic exam and, if
   indicated, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess optic nerve or retinal
   involvement

   - Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug

   - Patients who are currently receiving or plan to receive other anti-cancer agents
   (except hydroxyurea, which may be continued until 24 hours prior to start of protocol
   therapy and intrathecal chemotherapy)

   - Anti-GVHD or agents to prevent organ rejection post-transplant; patients who are
   receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus, or other agents to prevent either
   graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant or organ rejection
   post-transplant are not eligible for this trial; at least 3 half-lives must have
   elapsed after the last dose of GVHD medications (meds)

   - Patients who are currently receiving or plan to receive corticosteroids except as
   described below

      - Systemic corticosteroids may be administered for cytoreduction up to 24 hours
      prior to the start of protocol therapy, (Cohort 1 only) for all patients,
      corticosteroids may be administered as a premedication for inotuzumab ozogamicin
      and as treatment for allergic reactions or for physiologic replacement/stress
      dosing of hydrocortisone for documented adrenal insufficiency; corticosteroids
      are not allowed for other indications

   - Patients with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B or C infections;
   testing to prove negative status is not required for enrollment unless it is deemed
   necessary for usual medical care of the patient

   - Patients who have an active uncontrolled infection defined as:

      - Positive bacterial blood culture within 48 hours of study enrollment;

      - Fever above 38.2 degree Celsius (C) within 48 hours of study enrollment with
      clinical signs of infection; fever that is determined to be due to tumor burden
      is allowed if patients have documented negative blood cultures for at least 48
      hours prior to enrollment and no concurrent signs or symptoms of active infection
      or hemodynamic instability

      - A positive fungal culture within 30 days of study enrollment or active therapy
      for presumed invasive fungal infection

      - Patients may be receiving IV or oral antibiotics to complete a course of therapy
      for a prior documented infection as long as cultures have been negative for at
      least 48 hours and signs or symptoms of active infection have resolved; for
      patients with clostridium (C.) difficile diarrhea, at least 72 hours of
      antibacterial therapy must have elapsed and stools must have normalized to
      baseline

      - Active viral or protozoal infection requiring IV treatment

   - Patients known to have one of the following concomitant genetic syndromes: Bloom
   syndrome, ataxia-telangiectasia, Fanconi anemia, Kostmann syndrome, Shwachmann
   (Shwachmann-Diamond-Blackfan) syndrome or any other known bone marrow failure syndrome

   - There have been no human studies of inotuzumab ozogamicin in pregnant women and no
   reports of exposure in utero; based on nonclinical safety studies, inotuzumab
   ozogamicin has the potential to impair human male and female fertility and to
   adversely affect human embryo fetal development; women of childbearing potential
   should be advised to avoid becoming pregnant while receiving inotuzumab ozogamicin;
   there is no information regarding the presence of inotuzumab ozogamicin in human milk,
   the effects on the breast-fed infant, or the effects on milk production; because of
   the potential for adverse reactions in breast-fed infants, women should not
   breast-feed during treatment with inotuzumab ozogamicin and for at least 2 months
   after the final dose

      - Female patients of childbearing potential are not eligible unless a negative
      pregnancy test result has been obtained within 7 days of starting protocol
      therapy

      - Female patients who are sexually active and of reproductive potential are not
      eligible unless they agree to use an effective contraceptive method for the
      duration of their study participation and for 8 months after the last dose of
      inotuzumab ozogamicin

      - Men with female partners of childbearing potential should use effective
      contraception during treatment with inotuzumab ozogamicin and for at least 5
      months after the last dose of inotuzumab ozogamicin

      - Lactating females are not eligible unless they agree not to breastfeed their
      infants

Ages Eligible for Study

1 Year - 21 Years

Genders Eligible for Study

All

Now accepting new patients

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Regina Dagher
650-725-4041
Recruiting