Trial Search Results

AtRial Cardiopathy and Antithrombotic Drugs In Prevention After Cryptogenic Stroke


- Primary: To test the hypothesis that apixaban is superior to aspirin for the prevention of recurrent stroke in patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke and atrial cardiopathy.

- Secondary: To test the hypothesis that the relative efficacy of apixaban over aspirin increases with the severity of atrial cardiopathy.

Stanford is currently accepting patients for this trial.

Lead Sponsor:

Columbia University

Collaborator: University of Washington

Stanford Investigator(s):


  • Drug: Apixaban
  • Drug: Aspirin


Phase 3


Inclusion Criteria:

   - Age ≥ 45 years.

   - Clinical diagnosis of ischemic stroke + brain imaging to rule out hemorrhagic stroke.

   - Modified Rankin Scale (MRS) score ≤ 4.

   - Ability to be randomized within 3 to 180 days after stroke onset.

   - ESUS, defined as all of the following:

      - Stroke detected by CT or MRI that is not lacunar. Lacunar is defined as a
      subcortical (this includes pons and midbrain) infarct in the distribution of the
      small, penetrating cerebral arteries whose largest dimension is ≤1.5 cm on CT or
      ≤2.0 cm on MRI diffusion images/<1.5 cm on T2 weighted MR images. The following
      are not considered lacunes: multiple simultaneous small deep infarcts, lateral
      medullary infarcts, and cerebellar infarcts. Patients with a clinical lacunar
      stroke syndrome and no infarct on imaging are excluded.

      - Absence of extracranial or intracranial atherosclerosis causing ≥50 percent
      luminal stenosis of the artery supplying the area of ischemia. Patients must
      undergo vascular imaging of the extracranial and intracranial vessels using
      either catheter angiography, CT angiogram (CTA), MR angiogram (MRA), or
      ultrasound, as considered appropriate by the treating physician and local
      principal investigator.

      - No major-risk cardioembolic source of embolism, including intracardiac thrombus,
      mechanical prosthetic cardiac valve, atrial myxoma or other cardiac tumors,
      mitral stenosis, myocardial infarction within the last 4 weeks, left ventricular
      ejection fraction <30 percent, valvular vegetations, or infective endocarditis).
      Patent foramen ovale is not an exclusion. All patients must undergo
      electrocardiogram, transthoracic or transesophageal echocardiography (TTE or TEE)
      and at least 24 hours of cardiac rhythm monitoring (Holter monitor or telemetry
      or equivalent). Additional cardiac imaging, such as cardiac MRI, or cardiac CT
      will be performed at the discretion of the local treating physician and principal
      investigator. Additional cardiac rhythm monitoring, such as monitored cardiac
      outpatient telemetry (MCOT) or an implanted cardiac monitor, will be at the
      discretion of the treating physician and local principal investigator.

      - No other specific cause of stroke identified, such as arteritis, dissection,
      migraine, vasospasm, drug abuse, or hypercoagulability. Special testing, such as
      toxicological screens, serological testing for syphilis, and tests for
      hypercoagulability, will be performed at the discretion of the treating physician
      and local principal investigator.

Exclusion Criteria:

   - History of atrial fibrillation (AF), AF on 12-lead ECG, or any AF of any duration
   during heart-rhythm monitoring prior to randomization.

   - Clear indication for treatment-dose anticoagulant therapy, such as venous
   thromboembolism or a mechanical heart valve.

   - Need for antiplatelet agent, such as aspirin or clopidogrel

   - History of spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage.

   - Chronic kidney disease with serum creatinine ≥2.5 mg/dL.For Canadian sites only,
   estimated creatinine clearance (eCrCl) <15 mL/min is also an exclusion criterion.

   - Active hepatitis or hepatic insufficiency with Child-Pugh score B or C.

   - Clinically significant bleeding diathesis.

   - Unresolved anemia (hemoglobin <9 g/dL) or thrombocytopenia (<100 x 10E9/L).

   - Clinically significant gastrointestinal bleeding within the past year (e.g., not due
   to external hemorrhoids).

   - At risk for pregnancy: premenopausal or postmenopausal woman within 12 months of last
   menses without a negative pregnancy test or not committing to adequate birth control,
   which includes an oral contraceptive, two methods of barrier birth control such as
   condom with or without spermicidal lubricant + diaphragm, or abstinence.

   - Known allergy or intolerance to aspirin or apixaban.

   - Concomitant participation in another clinical trial involving a drug or acute stroke

   - Considered by the investigator to have a condition that precludes follow-up or safe
   participation in the trial.

   - Inability of either participant or surrogate to provide written, informed consent for
   trial participation.

Ages Eligible for Study

45 Years - N/A

Genders Eligible for Study


Now accepting new patients

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Nirali Vora, MD