Trial Search Results

PEMF as Adjunctive Treatment Following Surgical Repair of Full Thickness Rotator Cuff Tears

The primary objective of this study is to prospectively determine, at 12 months post-surgical repair of full thickness rotator cuff tears, the safety and efficacy of treating full thickness rotator cuff repairs with pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF). The hypothesis states that exposure to a pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) following surgical repair of a full thickness rotator cuff tendon tear reduces tendon re-tear rates. The strength of the shoulder muscles and the levels of pain in subjects after surgical repair of their rotator cuff adjunctively treated with an active PEMF device will also be measured.

Stanford is currently accepting patients for this trial.

Lead Sponsor:

Orthofix Inc.

Stanford Investigator(s):


  • Device: RCStim Model 1114




Inclusion Criteria:

   1. Subject may be male or female between 21 years of age and 80 years of age at the time
   of consent.

   2. Subject must have a repairable (≥1 and ≤ 5 cm in the AP direction) full thickness tear
   of either the supraspinatus tendon or both the supraspinatus and infraspinatus
   tendons, as determined by MRI and confirmed intra-operatively (pre-debridement) during
   the surgical repair of the rotator cuff using a calibrated probe.

   a. Subjects who do not meet this criterion will be considered screen failures.

   3. This must be the first rotator cuff repair surgery on the study shoulder with the
   following exceptions:

      1. Previous repairs of the teres minor and/or the subscapularis muscles are

      2. Previous acromioplasties, decompressions, and clavicular fracture repairs are

      3. Concurrent acromioplasties, subacromial decompressions and/or distal clavicular
      excisions are permitted.

      4. Concurrent fracture repairs or reconstructions are NOT permitted.

      5. Biceps tenodesis or tenotomy (open or closed) are permitted.

   4. Subject must not have used NSAIDs for one (1) week prior to surgery.

   5. Subjects must agree NOT to use NSAIDS suring the first 6 weeks of the study. Low dose
   aspirin (81 mg) is permitted.

   6. Subject must be willing and able to participate in post-operative physical therapy

   7. Subject must be willing and able to follow all study procedures and return for all
   study visits.

   8. Subject must have reliable access to any iOS device using iOS v.9.3 or later or an
   Android device with WiFi access for downloading the free device-specific app.

   9. Subject must understand and be willing to sign the IRB-approved Informed Consent

Exclusion Criteria:

   1. Subject has a tear <1cm or >5cm in size measured intraoperatively, pre-debridement,
   using a calibrated probe.

   a. Subjects who do not meet this criterion will be considered screen failures.

   2. Subject has a BMI > 45.

   3. Subject has a pacemaker or defibrillator.

   4. Subject is not able to or is unwilling to have an MRI on the study shoulder.

   5. Subject requires assistive devices to walk such as crutches or walkers.

   6. Subject has a rotator cuff tear in which the subscpularis tendon requires repair.

   a. Biceps tenodesis or tenotomy (open or closed) is allowed.

   7. Subject has a Fuchs score grade of 3 for fatty infiltration on any of the rotator cuff

   Grade 1: Normal muscle, no or some fatty streaks Grade 2: Moderately pathologic
   muscle; more muscle than fat Grade 3: Advanced degeneration; as much muscle as fat or
   less muscle than fat

   8. Subject has moderate to severe arthritis based on preoperative imaging or as judged at
   the time of arthroscopy.

      1. Pre-operative x-ray findings consistent with Grade 3 or Grade 4 glenohumeral
      arthritis, where the grades are defined as follows:

      Grade 1: doubtful narrowing of joint space and possible osteophytic lipping;
      Grade 2: definite osteophytes and definite narrowing of joint space; Grade 3:
      moderate multiple osteophytes and definite narrowing of joint space and some
      sclerosis and possible deformity of bone contour.

      Grade 4: bone on bone morphology

      2. Intra-operative exposed subchondral bone involving >= 50% of either the humeral
      head, glenoid or both.

   9. Subject has a known collagen disorder such as, but not limited to, osteogenesis
   imperfecta (OI) or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS).

10. Subject has a known inflammatory or autoimmune connective tissue disease such as, but
   not limited to, gout affecting the shoulder, scleroderma, SLE, rheumatoid disease, or
   calcific tendonitis of the shoulder.

11. Subject has a metabolic bone disease such as Paget's disease or osteomalacia.

   a. Subjects with osteoporosis are not excluded from the study.

12. Subject has a deltoid defect, deltoid palsy or any other pseudoparalysis.

13. Subject has HIV, hepatitis, or has had an active malignancy in the past 5 years.

14. Subject has had previous rotator cuff repairs or repairs of the labrum.

   a. See Inclusion Criterion #3 for permitted surgeries.

15. Subject has a diagnosis of fibromyalgia or other chronic pain syndrome.

16. Subject has shoulder pain of unknown etiology.

17. Subject has an active or on-going neoplastic disease, except for benign skin

18. Subject has undergone administration, within the last 30 days, of any type of
   corticosteroid (with the exception of asthma medications and ophthalmic medications),
   antineoplastic, immunostimulation or immunosuppressive agent.

19. Subject is septic or has a local or systemic infection.

20. Subject has an admitted active substance abuse problem which includes recreational
   drugs and/or narcotics or a history of substance abuse where history is defined as
   "not under the care of a physician" for more than 5 years.

   a. Prescriptive medical marijuana is not permitted, including CBD oils.

21. Subject consumes more than 14 (men) or 7 (women) standard drinks (alcoholic units) per
   week where a drink equals a 12 oz. beer, or a 5 oz. glass of wine, or a 1.5 oz. shot
   of liquor.

22. Subject is currently seeking or receiving worker's compensation for this injury or for
   an injury that has occurred more than12 months prior to enrollment in this study or
   subjects who are currently in litigation or who have a history of litigation related
   to musculoskeletal diagnoses.

23. Subject has a major mental illnesses including major depression, bipolar disorder,
   schizophrenia or dementia that would prevent them from following the protocol and/or
   independently completeing the patient reported outcomes measures.

24. Subjects who have coexistent cervical spinal pathologies such as radiculopathies or

25. Subject has a mental or physical condition that would prevent tem from complying with
   the study protocol.

26. Subject has any other condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would
   prevent them from completing the study.

27. Subject is a prisoner.

28. Subject has participated in another clinical trial within the last 90 days. a. The
   last study visit attended by the subject starts the 90 day window.

Ages Eligible for Study

21 Years - 80 Years

Genders Eligible for Study


Now accepting new patients

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305