Trial Search Results
Inpatient, Dose-Ranging Study of Staccato Alprazolam in Epilepsy With Predictable Seizure Pattern
This is a multi-center, double-blind, randomized, parallel group, dose-ranging study to investigate the efficacy and clinical usability of STAP-001 in adult (18 years of age and older) subjects with epilepsy with a predictable seizure pattern. These subjects have an established diagnosis of focal or generalized epilepsy with a documented history of predictable seizure episodes. This is an in-patient study. The subjects will be admitted to a Clinical Research Unit (CRU) or Epilepsy Monitoring Unit (EMU) for study participation. The duration of the stay in the in-patient unit will be 2-8 days. One seizure event per subject will be treated with study medication. The duration and timing of the seizure event and occurrence of subsequent seizures will be assessed by the Staff Caregiver(s)1 through clinical observation and confirmed with video electroencephalogram (EEG).
Stanford is currently accepting patients for this trial.
- Drug: Staccato Alprazolam
- Drug: Placebos
1. Subject is able to provide, personally signed, and dated informed consent to
participate in the study or will have a legally authorized representative sign the
informed consent on his or her behalf before completing any study related procedures.
2. Male or female ≥ 18 years of age.
3. Has an established diagnosis of focal or generalized epilepsy or focal and generalized
epilepsy with a documented history of predictable seizure episodes that includes at
least one of the following:
- Generalized seizure episodes starting with a flurry of absence seizures or
myoclonic seizures with a minimum duration of 5 minutes
- Episodes of a prolonged focal seizure with a minimum duration of 3 minutes
- Episodes of multiple (≥2) seizures within a 2-hour time period
4. Prior to randomization, has experienced ≥4 seizure episodes with predictable pattern
during the last 4 weeks (qualification period) and no more than one week without a
predictable seizure episode before entry into the in-patient unit.
5. Female participants (if of child-bearing potential and sexually active) and male
participants (if sexually active with a partner of child-bearing potential) who agree
to use a medically acceptable and effective birth control method throughout the study
and for 1 week following the end of the study. Medically acceptable methods of
contraception that may be used by the participant and/or his/her partner include
abstinence, birth control pills or patches, diaphragm with spermicide,intrauterine
device (IUD), surgical sterilization, and progestin implant or injection. Prohibited
methods include: the rhythm method, withdrawal, condoms alone, or diaphragm alone.
6. Subject is able to comply by the requirements of the protocol, particularly the
requirements and specific Institution policies during the in-clinic stay.
1. History or diagnosis of non-epileptic seizures (e.g. metabolic or pseudo-seizures).
2. History of status epilepticus in the 6 months prior to Screening
3. Has a progressive neurological disorder such as brain tumor, demyelinating disease, or
degenerative central nervous system (CNS) disease that is likely to progress in the
next 3 months
4. Use of strong CYP 3A4 inhibitors; including azole antifungal agents (e.g.,
etoconazole, itraconazole), nefazodone, fluvoxamine, cimetidine, HIV protease
inhibitors (e.g., ritonavir)
5. Has severe chronic cardio-respiratory disease
6. History of HIV-positivity.
7. Pregnant or breast-feeding.
8. Clinically significant renal or hepatic insufficiency (hepatic transaminases >2 times
the upper limit of normal (ULN) or creatinine ≥ 1.5 x ULN).
9. History of acute narrow angle glaucoma, Parkinson's disease, hydrocephalus, or history
of significant head trauma.
10. Subjects who use medications to treat airways disease, such as asthma or COPD or have
any acute respiratory signs/symptoms (e.g., wheezing).
11. Use of any investigational drug within 30 days or 5 half-lives of the investigational
drug prior to administration of study medication, whichever is longer
12. A history within the past 1 year of drug or alcohol dependence or abuse.
13. Positive urine screen for drugs of abuse at Screening.(positive Cannabis/Cannabinol
results are acceptable if there is a documented history of stable use for medical
14. Known allergy or hypersensitivity to alprazolam.
15. History of glaucoma.
16. Subjects who currently have an active major psychiatric disorder where changes in
pharmacotherapy are needed or anticipated during the study.
17. Hypotension (systolic blood pressure ≤90 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure ≤50 mm Hg),
or hypertension (systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure ≥100 mm
Hg) measured while seated at screening or baseline.
18. Significant hepatic, renal, gastroenterologic, cardiovascular (including ischemic
heart disease and congestive heart failure), endocrine, neurologic or hematologic
19. Subjects who, in the opinion of the Investigator, should not participate in the study
for any reason, including if there is a question about the stability or capability of
the subject to comply with the trial requirements.
Ages Eligible for Study
18 Years - N/A
Genders Eligible for Study