Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Its Impact on the Brain
About the Study: This research study is being conducted to see if diabetic ketoacidosis has any impact on learning, behavior and development in children with Type 1 diabetes mellitus. If there is an impact, is it transient or persistent? Sixty to 80 children between the ages of 4 to 17 years with Type 1 diabetes mellitus will have neuropsychological testing and a non-sedated MRI scan of the head performed. The investigators will compare this to a control group of 30-40 children between the ages of 4 to 17 years without Type 1 diabetes mellitus. The children with Type 1 diabetes mellitus will not have any changes made to their current diabetes regimen. The children with Type 1 diabetes mellitus should continue to check blood glucose values as required by your doctor and bring their meter(s) for downloading to each visit. The children with Type 1 diabetes mellitus should also tell your doctor about the frequency of severe low and high blood glucose values.
Stanford is currently accepting patients for this trial.
Collaborator: William E And Aenid R Weisgerber Foundation
To take part in the study, the participant must meet the following inclusion criteria:
1. Be between the ages of 4 to 17 years.
2. Either has been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus OR does not have type 1
If the interested participant has a history of head trauma with any loss of consciousness,
prematurity (born less than 30 weeks of gestation), significant developmental delay (lack
of single word speech or ability to walk independently by 18 months of age), neurologic
disease independent of diabetes (eg seizure disorder or medical contraindication to MRI
procedure (eg metal appliances such as braces).
Ages Eligible for Study
4 Years - 16 Years
Genders Eligible for Study