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A Study of Zidovudine in HIV-Infected Patients Who Have Hemophilia
Trial ID: NCT00001104
Study A: To determine whether treatment with zidovudine (ZDV) will delay or change the disease process in hemophilic patients who have HIV infection with no symptoms. The major clinical question is whether patients who receive chronic ZDV therapy will have a delay in the development of AIDS or AIDS-related complex (ARC). The pharmacokinetics (blood levels) of ZDV in hemophilic patients will also be studied. Study B: To determine if ZDV therapy changes the risk of a hemophiliac transmitting HIV to his wife or other female sexual partner. To determine the effectiveness of counseling and education on the behaviors of the wives that place them at risk for HIV infection. To determine if antibodies to HIV either appear or disappear from the blood of any of the wives during the study. Study A: Individuals who are infected with HIV can benefit from therapy with an effective anti-AIDS virus agent. ZDV is a potent inhibitor of HIV in vitro (test tube) and is safe in humans at the dose planned. It may be effective in preventing the development of AIDS or ARC in hemophiliacs who have the HIV antibody in their blood. The pharmacokinetic studies are especially important because the high prevalence of hepatic disease in this population may affect the metabolism and blood levels of ZDV. Study B: HIV is transmitted by sexual contact, and wives of infected hemophilic patients have become infected during long-term sexual relationships. Transmission of the virus does not occur during casual family contact. This study will aid in determining if therapy influences the transmission of HIV, because the wives of hemophiliacs generally have no risk for HIV infection other than sexual contact with their spouse.
A Placebo Controlled Trial To Evaluate Zidovudine (ZDV) in the Treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection in Hemophilic Patients
Allowed with caution for Study A:
- Hepatotoxic drugs.
Patients in Study A must have:
- Hemophilia with no symptoms for AIDS. Most patients will have well-established factor
8 or 9 deficiency. However, patients with other coagulation diseases, such as factor 5
deficiency, and von Willebrand disease, will also be acceptable for the study.
Wives in Study B are included even if they are known to be seropositive or are not sexually
active at the time the study starts.
Allowed for Study A:
- Patients who were on the Phase I ZDV study, ACTG 017, or are on ACTG 062 may enter
after waiting 3 weeks.
Patients in Study A with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:
- AIDS-defining illness.
- Severe ARC.
- Severe or prolonged toxicity.
Excluded for Study A:
- Isoniazid or rifampin.
- Treatment for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), oral candidiasis, and localized
cutaneous herpes simplex or zoster infections.
- Aspirin on a regular basis, or for more than 72 hours without contacting the
- Drugs causing neutropenia or significant risk of nephrotoxicity.
Patients in Study A with the following prior conditions are excluded:
- AIDS-defining opportunistic infection or malignancy.
- Unexplained temperature greater than 38 C for more than 5 consecutive days or more
than 10 days in any 30-day period in the 2 years prior to entry.
- Unexplained diarrhea defined as three or more liquid stools per day, persisting more
than 7 days within 2 years prior to entry.
- Unintentional weight loss of greater than 10 lbs. or more than 10 percent of usual
body weight within 2 years prior to study entry.
- Oral hairy leukoplakia at any time prior to entry.
- Oral candidiasis unrelated to the use of antibiotic therapy for more than 2 weeks
within 2 years prior to entry or within the past 3 months.
- Herpes zoster within 2 years prior to entry into the study.
Excluded for Study A:
- Antiretroviral agents, including ZDV, ribavirin, HPA-23, rifampin, AL721 within 8
weeks of study entry.
- Significant course of immunomodulating agents such as steroids (greater than 1 week),
isoprinosine, thymic factors within 3 months of study entry.
- Any other experimental therapy within 3 months of study entry.
Discouraged but not forbidden for Study B:
- Sexual contact with infected husband.
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