Lenalidomide With or Without Epoetin Alfa in Treating Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome and Anemia

Not Recruiting

Trial ID: NCT00843882


This randomized phase III trial studies lenalidomide to see how well it works with or without epoetin alfa in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndrome and anemia. Lenalidomide may stop the growth of myelodysplastic syndrome by blocking blood flow to the cells. Colony stimulating factors, such as epoetin alfa, may increase the number of immune cells found in bone marrow or peripheral blood. It is not yet known whether lenalidomide is more effective with or without epoetin alfa in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndrome and anemia.

Official Title

Randomized Phase III Trial Comparing the Frequency of Major Erythroid Response (MER) to Treatment With Lenalidomide (Revlimid�) Alone and in Combination With Epoetin Alfa (Procrit�) in Subjects With Low- or Intermediate-1 Risk MDS and Symptomatic Anemia

Stanford Investigator(s)

Jason Gotlib

Professor of Medicine (Hematology)


Inclusion Criteria:

   - Age >= 18 years

   - NOTE: Results of the bone marrow biopsy and aspirate as well as cytogenetics are
   mandatory to register subjects onto study, which are indispensable to determine
   International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) category needed for eligibility; please
   note that it is not necessary to wait for the week 16, week 32, or week bone marrow
   and cytogenetic results prior to starting the next cycle unless deemed necessary by
   the treating physician; one example of this exception can include if the subject shows
   signs of progression, such as increased peripheral blood blast percentage; at that
   juncture, the treating physician may prefer to await the results prior to starting a
   new cycle; if a cycle is started, and based on the bone marrow results it is felt by
   the treating physician that the subject should not continue on treatment, please be
   sure to note this information on the case report forms at end of treatment

   - Patient must have documented diagnosis of MDS lasting at least three months (MDS
   duration >= 3 months) according to World Health Organization (WHO) criteria or
   non-proliferative chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) (white blood cell [WBC] <

   - Patient must have International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) categories of low- or
   intermediate-1-risk disease; patients must have IPSS score determined by cytogenetic
   analysis prior to randomization; patients must have cytogenetic analysis done (to
   calculate IPSS); if the current bone marrow biopsy is a dry tap, patients with
   cytogenetic failure and < 10% marrow blasts will be eligible; subjects with
   cytogenetic failure must have previous cytogenetic results (fluorescence in situ
   hybridization [FISH] is not a substitute) within the last 6 months post last type of
   MDS treatment (in this case, not referring to growth factors as type of MDS treatment)

   - Must have symptomatic anemia untransfused with hemoglobin < 9.5 g/dL =< 8 weeks prior
   to randomization or with red blood cells (RBC) transfusion dependence (i.e., >= 2
   units/month) confirmed for =< 8 weeks before randomization

      - NOTE: For non-transfusion dependent patients (i.e., receiving < 2 units/4 weeks x
      8 weeks pre-study) who receive periodic transfusions, the mean 8 week
      pre-transfusion hemoglobin should be used to determine protocol eligibility and
      response reference

      - For non-transfusion dependent patients, a minimum of 2 pre-transfusion or
      un-transfused hemoglobin values are required

   - Applies only for patients without the deletion 5q 31.1; patients must have failed
   treatment with an erythropoietic growth factor, or have a low probability of response
   to rhu-erythropoietin; patients with low probability of response to rhu-erythropoietin
   or prior erythropoietin failures are defined as follows:

      - Prior erythropoietin failure-requires a minimum trial of >= 40,000 units epoetin
      alfa/week x 8 weeks or equivalent dose of darbepoetin alfa for 8 weeks with
      failure to achieve transfusion independence in dependent patients or a failure to
      achieve a >= 2 g rise in hemoglobin sustained for >= 4 weeks in non-transfusion
      dependent patients

      - Low erythropoietin response profile-rhu-erythropoietin and epoetin alfa-naïve
      patients receiving >= 2U packed (p)RBC/month for a minimum of 8 weeks, and serum
      erythropoietin > 500 mU/mL in the 8 weeks prior to randomization for a hemoglobin
      < 9.5 g/dL

   - Patients must be off all non-transfusion therapy for MDS for 28 days prior to
   initiation of study treatment, including all types of growth factors; patients may
   receive hydrocortisone prophylactically to prevent transfusion reactions

   - Patients must have a serum erythropoietin level documented before randomization and =<
   56 days before day 1 of study treatment; NOTE: hemoglobin must be < 9.5 g/dL at time
   that serum erythropoietin is drawn

   - Effective contraception must be used by patients participating in lenalidomide
   therapy, and all patients must agree to counseling by a trained counselor every 28
   days about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure; females of childbearing
   potential (FCBP) must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual
   intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control: one highly effective
   method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before
   starting lenalidomide, during lenalidomide therapy, during dose interruptions, and for
   at least 28 days following discontinuation of lenalidomide therapy; females of
   childbearing potential should be referred to a qualified provider of contraceptive
   methods, if needed; males receiving lenalidomide must agree to use a latex condom
   during any sexual contact with females of childbearing potential even if they have
   undergone a successful vasectomy

   - Platelet count >= 50,000/mcL (50 x 10^9/L) without platelet transfusion (within 56
   days prior to randomization)

   - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 500 cells/mcL (0.5 x 10^9/L); hence ANC must be >=
   500/mcL without myeloid growth factor support (within 56 days prior to randomization)

   - Serum creatinine =< 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (within 56 days prior to

   - Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or
   serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.0 x
   ULN (within 56 days prior to randomization)

   - Serum total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL (within 56 days prior to randomization)

   - Inclusion criteria for crossover registration from Arm A (lenalidomide alone) to Arm B
   (lenalidomide and epoetin alfa):

   - Patients must have completed 16 weeks of monotherapy with lenalidomide

   - Patients must show failure to achieve MER (major erythroid response) or have achieved
   MER but relapsed on Arm A

Exclusion Criteria:

   - Patients must not have documented iron deficiency; all patients must have documented
   marrow iron stores; if marrow iron stain is not available, the transferrin saturation
   must be > 20% or a serum ferritin > 100 ng/mL

   - Women must not be pregnant or breastfeeding; females of childbearing potential must
   have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL
   within 10-14 days and again within 24 hours prior to starting cycle 1 of lenalidomide;
   a female of childbearing potential (FCBP) is any woman, regardless of sexual
   orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following
   criteria: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not
   been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses
   at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months; FCBP must also agree to ongoing
   pregnancy testing)

   - Patients must not have prior therapy with lenalidomide

   - Patients must not have a diagnosis of uncontrolled seizure or uncontrolled

   - Patients must not have proliferative (WBC >= 12,000/mcL) chronic myelomonocytic
   leukemia (CMML); WBC must be < 12,000/mcL

   - Patients must not have MDS secondary to treatment with radiotherapy, chemotherapy,
   and/or immunotherapy for malignant or autoimmune diseases

   - Prior thalidomide therapy is allowed, however, patients must not have prior >= grade-3
   allergic reactions to thalidomide

   - Patients must not have prior history of desquamating rash from thalidomide at time of
   study entry

   - Patients must not have clinically significant anemia resulting from iron, B12 or
   folate deficiencies, autoimmune or hereditary hemolysis, or gastrointestinal bleeding

   - Patients must not have used cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents or experimental agents
   (agents that are not commercially available) for the treatment of MDS within 8 weeks
   of randomization

   - Patients must not have prior history of malignancy other than MDS (except basal cell
   or squamous skin cell carcinoma or carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast) unless
   the subject has been confirmed free of disease for >= 3 years

   - Patients must not have any serious medical condition or any other unstable medical
   co-morbidity, or psychiatric illness that will prevent the subject from signing the
   informed consent form or will place the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she
   participates in the study

   - Patients must not have a history of thrombo-embolic events within 3 years prior to
   study randomization

   - Patients must not have known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 seropositivity
   because HIV can be an alternate cause of anemia.

   - Patients must not have a known allergic reaction to epoetin alfa (Procrit) or human
   serum albumin

   - Exclusion criteria for crossover registration from Arm A (lenalidomide alone) to Arm B
   (lenalidomide and epoetin alfa):

   - Patients must not have a limiting unresolved grade 3 or greater toxicity from
   lenalidomide monotherapy or drug intolerance preventing continuation of lenalidomide


biological: epoetin alfa

drug: lenalidomide

other: laboratory biomarker analysis

procedure: Bone Marrow Biopsy

Not Recruiting

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Cancer Clinical Trials Office

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