Trial Search Results

Phase II GM-CSF Plus Mitoxantrone in Hormone Refractory Prostate Cancer

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of the combination of mitoxantrone and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), in patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer.

Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial.

Lead Sponsor:

Stanford University

Collaborator: Bayer

Stanford Investigator(s):


  • Drug: Mitoxantrone
  • Drug: GM-CSF


Phase 2


Inclusion Criteria:

   - Signed written informed consent

   - Age ≥ 18 years

   - Histologically-confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate

   - Hormone-refractory prostate cancer

   - Failed 1st-line docetaxel-containing regimen

   - No prior immunotherapy including:

      - Vaccines

      - GM-CSF

   - Minimum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) > 5 mg/dL and rising according to the PSA
   Consensus Criteria

   - Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) > 60%

   - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status < 3

   - Life expectancy > 6 months

Exclusion Criteria:

   - Concomitant hormonal therapy other than luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH)

   - Use of herbal products known to decrease PSA levels

   - Use of supplements or complementary medicines, except for:

      - Conventional multivitamin supplements

      - Selenium

      - Lycopene

      - Soy supplements

      - Vitamin E

   - Initiation of bisphosphonates within one month prior to enrollment or throughout the

   - Any prior radiopharmaceuticals (strontium, samarium) within 8 weeks prior to

   - Major surgery or radiation therapy completed < 4 weeks prior to enrollment

   - Any concomitant second malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancer

   - Any concomitant serious infection

   - Any nonmalignant medical illness

   - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 1,500/µL

   - Platelet count < 100,000 µL

   - Hemoglobin < 8 mg/dL

   - Total bilirubin greater than 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)

   - Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 2.5 x ULN if no
   demonstrable liver metastases, or greater than 5.0 x ULN in presence of liver

   - Ejection fraction < 50% as measured by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multigated acquisition
   (MUGA) scan

   - Noncompliance with study procedures

Ages Eligible for Study

18 Years - 75 Years

Genders Eligible for Study


Not currently accepting new patients for this trial

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Denise Haas