Trial Search Results

S1314, Co-expression Extrapolation (COXEN) Program to Predict Chemotherapy Response in Patients With Bladder Cancer

The primary focus of this study is to see if looking at tumor biomarkers using a program called "coexpression extrapolation or COXEN" may predict response to chemotherapy before surgery. The COXEN program will not select the therapy, but the type of chemotherapy that patients receive will be randomly decided. Researchers will look at information collected and outcomes for all study participants to see how COXEN relates to how participants responded to chemotherapy. Other potential tests to predict a patient's response to chemotherapy will also be evaluated.

Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial.

Lead Sponsor:

Southwest Oncology Group

Collaborator: National Cancer Institute (NCI)


  • Drug: Gemcitabine
  • Drug: Cisplatin
  • Drug: Methotrexate
  • Drug: Vinblastine
  • Drug: Doxorubicin
  • Drug: Filgrastim


Phase 2


Inclusion Criteria:

   - Histologically proven bladder cancer (pure small cell carcinoma, pure adenocarcinoma,
   and pure squamous cell carcinoma histologies are excluded).

   - Stage cT2-T4a N0 M0 disease.

   - Documented muscle invasive disease with at least one of the following: disease
   measuring at least 10 mm on cross-sectional imaging OR the presence of
   tumor-associated hydronephrosis.

   - Staging scans with abdominal/pelvic CT or MRI scan and CT scan or x-ray of the chest
   within 56 days prior to registration. If alkaline phosphatase is above the treating
   institution's upper limit of normal (ULN), presence of suspicious bone pain, or if
   other clinical suspicion, a whole body bone scan is required within 56 days prior to

   - Performance status = 0 or 1

   - 18 years of age or older

   - Must have tumor tissue from transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TURBT)
   available for submission that is sufficient for COXEN testing and must agree to
   submission of 20 (10 micron) slides plus 2 (5 micron) slides from the start and end of
   the 20 slides for a total of 22 unstained slides.

   - Must agree to collection of tissue (if residual disease is present), urine, and whole

   - Must agree to participate in the translational medicine studies outlined in the

Exclusion Criteria:

   - Prior systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy or systemic anthracycline

   - Peripheral neuropathy >/= Grade 2

   - Class III/IV heart failure or known left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50%

   - Clinically relevant hearing impairment > Grade 2

   - Renal function, calculated creatinine clearance < 60 mL/min

   - Hepatic function, total bilirubin > 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (IULN)
   (or > 2.5 x IULN with Gilbert's disease); AST & ALT > 2 X IULN

   - Hematologic function, absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 1,500/mcL, hemoglobin < 9
   g/dL, and platelets < 100,000/mcL

   - Hypersensitivity to cisplatin, gemcitabine, doxorubicin, vinblastine, methotrexate, or

   - Incidence of or uncontrolled medical illness (e.g. active cardiac symptoms, active
   systemic infection, etc.)

   - Pregnant or nursing females

   - No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following: adequately treated
   basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated
   Stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any
   other cancer from which the patient has been disease free for five years. However,
   patients with localized prostate cancer who are being followed by an active
   surveillance program are eligible.

Ages Eligible for Study

18 Years - N/A

Genders Eligible for Study


Not currently accepting new patients for this trial

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Not Recruiting