Trial Search Results

Evaluation of Technology-Based Stress Reduction Techniques Prior to Vascular Access

Preprocedural, preoperative, and prevascular access anxiety in pediatric patients has been previously shown to increase the likelihood of family stressors, postoperative pain, agitation, sleep disturbances, and negative behavioral changes. The purpose of this study is to determine if a non-invasive distracting devices (Virtual Reality headset) is more effective than the standard of care (i.e., no technology based distraction) for preventing anxiety before vascular access among hospitalized children undergoing vascular access prior to anesthesia, procedures, surgery, blood draws, port access, or peripheral IV placement. The anticipated primary outcome will be reduction of child's anxiety during and after vascular access.

Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial.

Lead Sponsor:

Stanford University

Stanford Investigator(s):


  • Behavioral: Technology Based Distractions




Inclusion Criteria:

   1. be between ages of 7-18 years of age

   2. have comprehension of instructions in the English language

   3. have parental consent

   4. Pediatric patient must be undergoing non-emergent vascular access at Lucile Packard
   Children's Hospital in one of the 6 previously defined care areas (please see study
   design in Section 16).

   5. Children who are normally healthy (ASA I) or have a mild systemic disease (ASA

Exclusion Criteria:

   1. Significant cognitive impairment/developmental delays per parental report or H&P.

   2. Children with ASA IV (severe systemic disease that is a constant threat to life) or
   ASA V (unstable patients not expected to survive >24hours or without the operation)

   3. H/o severe motion sickness, nausea, seizures

Ages Eligible for Study

7 Years - 18 Years

Genders Eligible for Study


Not currently accepting new patients for this trial

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Sam Rodriguez, MD