Trial Search Results

Inotuzumab Ozogamicin and Blinatumomab in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed, Recurrent, or Refractory CD22-Positive B-Lineage Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

This phase II trial studies how well inotuzumab ozogamicin and blinatumomab work in treating patients with CD22-positive B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia that is newly diagnosed, has come back, or does not respond to treatment. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as inotuzumab ozogamicin and blinatumomab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.

Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial.

Lead Sponsor:

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Intervention(s):

  • Biological: Blinatumomab
  • Biological: Inotuzumab Ozogamicin

Phase:

Phase 2

Eligibility


Inclusion Criteria:

   - Pre-registration Eligibility Criteria (Step 0)

   - Submission of bone marrow aspirate and peripheral blood for MRD analysis is mandatory
   prior to registration; the bone marrow sample should be from the first aspiration
   (i.e. first pull). Aspirate needle should be redirected if needed to get first pull
   bone marrow aspirate. It should be initiated as soon as possible after
   pre-registration. The specimens should be sent to the HEME Biobank.

      - Lumbar Puncture (Spinal Tap) and Intrathecal Methotrexate:

         - Patients may receive the day 1 of course IA dose of intrathecal (IT)
         methotrexate during the prior-to-registration lumbar puncture (or the venous
         line placement) to avoid a second lumbar puncture. If the dose is
         administered prior to registration, then systemic chemotherapy must begin
         within 7 days of this IT chemotherapy.

   - Registration Eligibility Criteria (Step 1)

   - Morphologic diagnosis of precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) based on
   World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Patients with Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia are
   not eligible.

   - CD22-positive disease defined as CD22 expression by >= 20% of lymphoblasts by local
   hematopathology evaluation.

   - Philadelphia chromosome/BCR-ABL1-negative ALL by cytogenetics, fluorescence in situ
   hybridization (FISH), and/or polymerase chain reaction (PCR). If any test is positive
   for Philadelphia chromosome/BCR-ABL1, then the patient is ineligible.

   - No active central nervous system (CNS) leukemia (i.e. only CNS-1 disease allowed).
   Active CNS leukemia is defined as morphologic evidence of lymphoblasts in the
   cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), use of CNS-directed local treatment for active disease
   within 28 days prior to registration, symptomatic CNS leukemia (i.e. cranial nerve
   palsies or other significant neurological dysfunction) within the 28 days prior to
   registration, and/or known asymptomatic parenchymal CNS mass lesions; see below for
   additional guidance. Prophylactic intrathecal medication alone is not an exclusion.

      - Categories of CNS Involvement for CNS Evaluation Prior to Registration:

         - CNS 1: CSF has < 5 WBC/uL with cytospin negative for blasts; or >= 10 red
         blood cell (RBC)/uL with cytospin negative for blasts.

         - CNS 2: CSF has < 5 WBC/uL with cytospin positive for blasts; or >= 10 RBC/uL
         with cytospin positive for blasts; or >= 10 RBC/uL, WBC/uL >= 5 but less
         than Steinherz/Bleyer algorithm with cytospin positive for blasts (see
         below).

         - CNS 3: CSF has >= 5 WBC/uL with cytospin positive for blasts; or >= 10
         RBC/uL, >= 5 WBC/uL and positive by Steinherz/Bleyer algorithm (see below);
         or clinical signs of CNS leukemia (such as facial nerve palsy, brain/eye
         involvement or hypothalamic syndrome). Steinherz/Bleyer Method of Evaluating
         Initial Traumatic Lumbar Punctures:

            - If the patient has leukemia cells in the peripheral blood and the
            lumbar puncture is traumatic and contains >= 5 WBC/uL with blasts, the
            following algorithm should be used to define CNS disease: CSF WBC/CSF
            RBC > 2 x (Blood WBC/Blood RBC count)

   - Patients with known or suspected testicular involvement by leukemia are allowed
   provided that the patient receives concomitant scrotal/testicular radiotherapy.

      - Unilateral or bilateral testicular enlargement should be assessed by ultrasound
      or other imaging technique. Biopsy is recommended if clinical findings are
      equivocal or suggestive of hydrocele or a non-leukemic mass, but further
      assessments are per treating physician discretion.

   - Not pregnant and not nursing.

      - This study involves agents that have known genotoxic, mutagenic, and teratogenic
      effects. Therefore, for women of childbearing potential only, a negative
      pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration is required.

   - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status: 0-2

   - No unstable cardiac disease such as myocardial infarction, angina pectoris,
   uncontrolled heart failure, or uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia within 6 months of
   registration.

   - No impaired cardiac function, defined as left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <
   45% or New York Heart Association (NYHA) stage III or IV congestive heart failure
   (CHF).

   - Patients with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are eligible if they
   have been on effective antiretroviral therapy with an undetectable viral load tested
   within 6 months of registration.

   - Patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) are eligible only if they meet all the
   following:

      - On HBV-suppressive therapy.

      - No evidence of active virus.

      - No evidence of HBV-related liver damage.

   - Patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) are eligible only if they meet all the
   following:

      - Successfully completed complete-eradication therapy with undetectable viral load.

      - No evidence of HCV-related liver damage.

   - No history of clinically relevant neurologic disorder such as epilepsy, seizure,
   aphasia, stroke, severe brain injury, structural brain abnormality, benign brain
   tumor, dementia, Parkinson's disease, movement disorder, cerebellar disease, or other
   significant CNS abnormalities.

   - No prior additional malignancy (i.e. in addition to ALL) except adequately treated
   basal- or squamous-cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, stage I or II cancer
   from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from
   which the patient has been disease-free for >= 2 years.

   - No history of clinically significant ventricular arrhythmia, unexplained non-vasovagal
   syncope, or chronic bradycardic states such as sinoatrial block or higher degree of
   atrioventricular block unless a permanent pacemaker has been implanted.

   - No history of chronic liver disease, including cirrhosis.

   - No history of sinusoidal occlusion syndrome/veno-occlusive disease of the liver.

   - No uncontrolled infection or recent history (within 4 months prior to registration) of
   deep tissue infections such as fasciitis or osteomyelitis.

   - Total bilirubin, serum =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)*

      - Except in the event of: 1) Gilbert disease, in which case total bilirubin must be
      =< 2 x ULN, or 2) elevated bilirubin believed by investigator to be due to
      leukemic infiltration, in which case total bilirubin must be =< 2 x ULN.

   - Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN

   - Creatinine, serum =< 1.5 ULN OR creatinine clearance >= 40 mL/min

   - QT interval by Fridericia's correction formula (QTcF) =< 470 msec

   - Cohort 1 Patients Only

   - Age >= 60 years.

   - No prior treatment for ALL except a single dose of intrathecal chemotherapy,
   corticosteroids, hydroxyurea, and/or leukapheresis to reduce peripheral blast count
   and prevent ALL complications. Allowed therapy may be administered for no more than 14
   days and must be completed >= 24 hours prior to the initiation of protocol therapy.

   - No plan for allogeneic or autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT).

   - Cohort 2 Patients Only:

   - Age >= 18 years.

   - Relapsed or refractory disease in salvage 1 or 2.

   - No isolated extramedullary relapse.

   - Prior allogeneic HCT permitted.

   - Patients with prior allogeneic HCT must have completed transplantation >= 4 months
   prior to registration.

   - Patients with prior allogeneic HCT must have no evidence of graft-versus-host disease
   and must have completed immunosuppressive therapy >= 30 days prior to registration.

   - Prior treatment with inotuzumab ozogamicin, blinatumomab, other CD22-directed therapy,
   or other CD19-directed therapy is not allowed.

   - Prior treatment with rituximab must be completed >= 7 days prior to registration.

   - Prior treatment with other monoclonal antibodies must be completed >= 6 weeks prior to
   registration.

   - Prior treatment for ALL must be completed >= 14 days prior to registration with the
   following exceptions: intrathecal chemotherapy, hydroxyurea, corticosteroids,
   6-mercaptopurine, methotrexate, vincristine, and/or leukapheresis to reduce
   circulating absolute lymphoblast count to =< 10,000/uL or prevent complications
   related to ALL are allowed but must be completed >= 24 hours prior to the initiation
   of protocol therapy.

   - Patients should have resolution of any acute non-hematologic toxicities of prior
   therapy to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse
   Events (CTCAE) version (v)5.0 grade =< 1.

   - Peripheral blood absolute lymphoblast count =< 10,000/uL (treatment allowed as above
   to reduce blast count to =< 10,000/uL)

Ages Eligible for Study

18 Years - N/A

Genders Eligible for Study

All

Not currently accepting new patients for this trial

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Kathryn Murray
650-721-4078
Not Recruiting