Trial Search Results

Trial of Panobinostat in Children With Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of panobinostat in treating younger patients with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG). Panobinostat may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Stratum 1 treats patients with DIPG that has returned or gotten worse (progressed). Stratum 2 treats patients with DIPG that has not yet gotten worse.

Currently, only Stratum 2 is enrolling patients.

Stanford is currently accepting patients for this trial.

Lead Sponsor:

Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium

Intervention(s):

  • Drug: LBH589

Phase:

Phase 1

Eligibility


STRATUM 1 - INCLUSION CRITERIA

   - DIAGNOSIS - Patients with progressive DIPG, as defined by progressive neurologic
   abnormalities or worsening neurologic status not explained by causes unrelated to
   tumor progression (e.g., anticonvulsant or corticosteroid toxicity wean, electrolyte
   disturbances, sepsis, hyperglycemia, etc.), OR an increase in the bi-dimensional
   measurement, taking as a reference the smallest disease measurement recorded since
   diagnosis, OR the appearance of a new tumor lesion since diagnosis.

      - Please note: patients with a radiographically typical DIPG, defined as a tumor
      with a pontine epicenter and diffuse involvement of more than 2/3 of the pons,
      are eligible without histologic confirmation.

      - Patients with pontine lesions that do not meet these radiographic criteria will
      be eligible if there is histologic confirmation of malignant glioma WHO II-IV.

   - AGE - Patients must be ≥ 2 but < 22 years of age at the time of enrollment.

   - BSA

      - Patients must have a BSA ≥ 0.80 m2 for dose 5mg/m2.

      - Patients must have a BSA ≥ 0.65 m2 for doses of 10mg/m2 - 22 mg/m2.

      - Patients must have a BSA ≥ 0.50 m2 for doses of 28 mg/m2 - 36 mg/m2.

   - ABILITY TO SWALLOW - Patient must be able to swallow capsules whole.

   - PERFORMANCE STATUS - Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS for > 16 years of age) or Lansky
   Performance Score (LPS for ≤ 16 years of age) assessed within 7 days of enrollment
   must be ≥ 50%. Patients who are unable to walk because of neurologic deficits, but who
   are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the
   performance score.

   - PRIOR THERAPY - Patients must have received a minimum of 54 Gy focal irradiation
   administered over approximately 42 days prior to enrollment. Patients must have
   recovered from the acute treatment-related toxicities (defined as < grade 1) of all
   prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering this study.

   - MYELOSUPPRESSIVE CHEMOTHERAPY - Patients must have received their last dose of known
   myelosuppressive anticancer therapy or immunotherapy at least 21 days prior to
   enrollment (42 days if prior nitrosourea).

   - INVESTIGATIONAL/ BIOLOGIC AGENT:

      - Biologic or investigational agent (anti-neoplastic): Patient must have recovered
      from any acute toxicity potentially related to the agent and received their last
      dose of the investigational or biologic agent ≥ 7 days prior to study enrollment.
      (For agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after
      administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse
      events are known to occur, and discussed with the principal investigator.)

      - Monoclonal antibody treatment and agents with known prolonged half-lives: At
      least three half-lives must have elapsed prior to enrollment. (Note: A list of
      the half-lives of commonly used monoclonal antibodies is available on the PBTC
      webpage under Generic Forms and Templates.)

   - RADIATION THERAPY - Patients must have had their last fraction of:

      - Craniospinal irradiation or radiation to ≥ 50% of pelvis > 3 months prior to
      enrollment.

      - Focal irradiation to the primary site > 42 days prior to enrollment

      - Local palliative irradiation other than previously irradiated primary site (small
      port) ≥ 14 days

   - ORGAN FUNCTION - Patients must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined
   below:

      - Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,000/mm3

      - Platelets ≥ 100,000/ mm3 (unsupported, defined as no platelet transfusion within
      7 days, and recovery from post-transfusion nadir)

      - Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dl (may receive transfusions)

      - Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)

      - ALT(SGPT) < 3 x institutional upper limit of normal

      - Albumin ≥ 3 g/dl

      - Potassium ≥ LLN

      - Serum total calcium (correct for serum albumin) or ionized calcium ≥ LLN

      - Serum creatinine based on age/gender as noted below. Patients that do not meet
      the criteria below but have a 24-hour Creatinine Clearance or GFR (radioisotope
      or iothalamate) ≥ 70 ml/min/1.73 m2 are eligible. Maximum Serum Creatinine for
      age/gender:

         - Age 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 mg/dL (male); 0.8 mg/dL (female)

         - Age 6 to < 10 years: 1 mg/dL (male); 1 mg/dL (female)

         - Age 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 mg/dL (male); 1.2 mg/dL (female)

         - Age 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 mg/dL (male); 1.4 mg/dL (female)

         - Age ≥ 16 years: 1.7 mg/dL (male); 1.4 mg/dL (female)

      - Cardiac Function:

         - Left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 50 by gated radionuclide study OR
         shortening fraction of ≥ 27% by echocardiogram

         - Patient has no ventricular arrhythmias except for benign premature
         ventricular contractions.

         - Patient has a QTc interval < 450 ms.

   - GROWTH FACTORS - Patients must be off all colony-forming growth factor(s) for at least
   7 days prior to enrollment (i.e. filgrastim, sargramostim or erythropoietin). 14 days
   must have elapsed if patients received PEG formulations.

   - FRUIT - Patients must agree to avoid grapefruit or grapefruit juice and Seville (sour)
   oranges during the entire study.

   - PREGNANCY STATUS - Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative
   serum or urine pregnancy test.

   - PREGNANCY PREVENTION - Patients of childbearing or child fathering potential must be
   willing to use a medically acceptable form of birth control, which includes
   abstinence, while being treated on this study and for 3 months after the last dose of
   panobinostat.

   - INFORMED CONSENT - The patient or parent/guardian is able to understand the consent
   and is willing to sign a written informed consent document according to institutional
   guidelines.

STRATUM 1 - EXCLUSION CRITERIA

   - PRIOR THERAPY

      - Patients who have had > 60 Gy total radiation to the pons (e.g. patients who have
      received re-irradiation).

      - Patients have had prior HDAC, DAC, HSP90 inhibitors for the treatment of their
      DIPG.

      - Patients have had valproic acid within 28 days prior to enrollment.

      - Patients have had prior bone marrow transplant.

   - NEUROLOGICAL STATUS - Patients have significant acute deterioration in neurologic
   status in 72 hours prior to enrollment, in the opinion of the treating physician.

   - GASTROINTESTINAL

      - Patients have impairment of GI function or GI disease that may significantly
      alter the absorption of panobinostat; for example severe inflammatory bowel
      disease.

      - Patients have diarrhea > CTCAE grade 2.

   - SYSTEMIC ILLNESS - Patients have any clinically significant unrelated systemic illness
   (serious infections or significant cardiac, pulmonary, hepatic or other organ
   dysfunction), that in the opinion of the investigator would compromise the ability of
   the patient to tolerate protocol therapy or put them at additional risk for toxicity
   or would interfere with the study procedures or results.

   - OTHER MALIGNANCY - Patients have a history of any other malignancy.

   - TRANSFUSIONS - Patients are known to be refractory to red blood cell or platelet
   transfusions.

   - CONCURRENT THERAPY

      - Patients who are receiving any other anticancer or investigational drug therapy

      - Patients who are required to receive any medication which can prolong the QTc
      interval. Please see Protocol Appendix B: Medications Which May Cause QTc
      Prolongation.

   - BREASTFEEDING - Female patient IS breastfeeding.

   - INABILITY TO PARTICIPATE - Patients who in the opinion of the investigator are
   unwilling or unable to return for required follow-up visits or obtain follow-up
   studies required to assess toxicity to therapy or to adhere to drug administration
   plan, other study procedures, and study restrictions

STRATUM 2 - INCLUSION CRITERIA

   - DIAGNOSIS - Patients with DIPG who have not yet progressed by clinical or radiographic
   criteria.

      - Please note: patients with a radiographically typical DIPG, defined as a tumor
      with a pontine epicenter and diffuse involvement of more than 2/3 of the pons,
      are eligible without histologic confirmation.

      - Patients with pontine lesions that do not meet these radiographic criteria will
      be eligible if there is histologic confirmation of malignant glioma WHO II-IV.

   - AGE - Patients must be ≥ 2 but < 22 years of age at the time of enrollment.

   - BSA Patients must have a BSA ≥ 0.80 m2 for dose 5mg/m2. Patients must have a BSA ≥
   0.65 m2 for doses of 10mg/m2 - 22 mg/m2. Patients must have a BSA ≥ 0.50 m2 for doses
   of 28 mg/m2 - 36 mg/m2.

   - ABILITY TO SWALLOW - Patient must be able to swallow capsules whole.

   - PERFORMANCE STATUS - Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS for > 16 years of age) or Lansky
   Performance Score (LPS for ≤ 16 years of age) assessed within 7 days of enrollment
   must be ≥ 50%. Patients who are unable to walk because of neurologic deficits, but who
   are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the
   performance score.

   - PRIOR THERAPY - Patients must have received a minimum of 54 Gy focal irradiation
   administered over approximately 42 days prior to enrollment. Patients must not have
   received any other prior therapy for treatment of their CNS malignancy besides
   standard radiation therapy.

   o Patients must have recovered from the acute treatment-related toxicities (defined as
   < grade 1) of radiotherapy prior to entering this study.

   - RADIATION THERAPY - Patients must have had their last fraction of focal irradiation to
   the primary site > 14 days prior to enrollment. Patients must not have received local
   palliative irradiation or craniospinal irradiation.

   - ORGAN FUNCTION - Patients must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined
   below:

      - Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,000/mm3

      - Platelets ≥ 100,000/ mm3 (unsupported, defined as no platelet transfusion within
      7 days, and recovery from post-transfusion nadir)

      - Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dl (may receive transfusions)

      - Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)

      - ALT(SGPT) < 3 x institutional upper limit of normal

      - Albumin ≥ 3 g/dl

      - Potassium ≥ LLN

      - Serum total calcium (correct for serum albumin) or ionized calcium ≥ LLN

      - Serum creatinine based on age/gender as noted below. Patients that do not meet
      the criteria in Table 9 but have a 24-hour Creatinine Clearance or GFR
      (radioisotope or iothalamate) ≥ 70 ml/min/1.73 m2 are eligible.

         - Age 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 mg/dL (male); 0.8 mg/dL (female)

         - Age 6 to < 10 years: 1 mg/dL (male); 1 mg/dL (female)

         - Age 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 mg/dL (male); 1.2 mg/dL (female)

         - Age 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 mg/dL (male); 1.4 mg/dL (female)

         - Age ≥ 16 years: 1.7 mg/dL (male); 1.4 mg/dL (female)

   - CARDIAC FUNCTION:

      - Left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 50 by gated radionuclide study OR shortening
      fraction of ≥ 27% by echocardiogram

      - Patient has no ventricular arrhythmias except for benign premature ventricular
      contractions.

      - Patient has a QTc interval < 450 ms.

   - GROWTH FACTORS - Patients must be off all colony-forming growth factor(s) for at least
   7 days prior to enrollment (i.e. filgrastim, sargramostim or erythropoietin). 14 days
   must have elapsed if patients received PEG formulations.

   - FRUIT - Patients must agree to avoid grapefruit or grapefruit juice and Seville (sour)
   oranges during the entire study.

   - PREGNANCY STATUS - Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative
   serum or urine pregnancy test.

   - PREGNANCY STATUS - Patients of childbearing or child fathering potential must be
   willing to use a medically acceptable form of birth control, which includes
   abstinence, while being treated on this study and for 3 months after the last dose of
   panobinostat.

   - INFORMED CONSENT - The patient or parent/guardian is able to understand the consent
   and is willing to sign a written informed consent document according to institutional
   guidelines.

STRATUM 2 - EXCLUSION CRITERIA

   - PRIOR THERAPY - Patients who have had > 60 Gy total radiation to the pons (e.g.
   patients who have received re-irradiation)

   - NEUROLOGICAL STATUS - Patients have significant acute deterioration in neurologic
   status in 72 hours prior to enrollment, in the opinion of the treating physician.

   - GASTROINTESTINAL

      - Patients have impairment of GI function or GI disease that may significantly
      alter the absorption of panobinostat; for example severe inflammatory bowel
      disease.

      - Patients have diarrhea > CTCAE grade 2.

   - SYSTEMIC ILLNESS - Patients have any clinically significant unrelated systemic illness
   (serious infections or significant cardiac, pulmonary, hepatic or other organ
   dysfunction), that in the opinion of the investigator would compromise the ability of
   the patient to tolerate protocol therapy or put them at additional risk for toxicity
   or would interfere with the study procedures or results.

   - OTHER MALIGNANCY - Patients have a history of any other malignancy.

   - TRANSFUSIONS - Patients are known to be refractory to red blood cell or platelet
   transfusions.

   - CONCURRENT THERAPY

      - Patients who are receiving any other anticancer or investigational drug therapy

      - Patients who are required to receive any medication which can prolong the QTc
      interval. Please see Appendix B: Medications Which May Cause QTc Prolongation.

   - BREASTFEEDING - Female patient is breastfeeding.

   - INABILITY TO PARTICIPATE - Patients who in the opinion of the investigator are
   unwilling or unable to return for required follow-up visits or obtain follow-up
   studies required to assess toxicity to therapy or to adhere to drug administration
   plan, other study procedures, and study restrictions

Ages Eligible for Study

2 Years - 21 Years

Genders Eligible for Study

All

Now accepting new patients

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Stefania Ursu Chirita
650-723-1423
Recruiting