Trial Search Results

Trametinib in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia

This phase II trial studies how well trametinib works in treating patients with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia that has come back or does not respond to treatment. Trametinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Stanford is currently accepting patients for this trial.

Lead Sponsor:

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Stanford Investigator(s):

Intervention(s):

  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
  • Other: Pharmacological Study
  • Drug: Trametinib

Phase:

Phase 2

Eligibility


Inclusion Criteria:

   - Patients must have had histologic verification of juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia
   (JMML) at original diagnosis and currently have relapsed or refractory disease; the
   diagnosis is made based on the following criteria

      - JMML category 1 (all of the following): the diagnostic criteria must include all
      features in category 1 and EITHER (i) one of the features in category 2 OR (ii)
      two features from category 3 to make the diagnosis

         - Splenomegaly

         - > 1000 (1 x 10^9/uL) circulating monocytes

         - < 20% blasts in the bone marrow or peripheral blood

         - Absence of the t(9;22) or BCR/ABL fusion gene

      - JMML category 2 (at least one of the following if at least two category 3
      criteria are not present):

         - Somatic mutation in RAS or PTPN11

         - Clinical diagnosis of NF1 or NF1 gene mutation

         - Homozygous mutation in CBL

         - Monosomy 7

      - JMML category 3 (at least two of the following if no category 2 criteria are
      met):

         - Circulating myeloid precursors

         - White blood cell count, > 10 000 (10 x 10^9/ uL)

         - Increased hemoglobin F for age

         - Clonal cytogenetic abnormality

         - GM-CSF hypersensitivity

   - Patients with refractory or relapsed JMML must have had at least one cycle of
   intensive frontline therapy or at least 2 cycles of a deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
   demethylating agent with persistence of disease, defined by clinical symptoms or the
   presence of a clonal abnormality; frontline therapy is defined as one cycle of
   intravenous chemotherapy that includes of any of the following agents: fludarabine,
   cytarabine, or any anthracycline but specifically excludes oral 6-mercaptopurine;
   frontline therapy will also include any conditioning regimen as part of a stem cell
   transplant; patients who transform to AML at any point with more than 20% blasts are
   not eligible for this trial

   - Patients must have a Lansky or Karnofsky performance status score of >= 50,
   corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) categories 0, 1 or 2; use
   Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age;
   patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair,
   will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score

   - Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior
   chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to study enrollment

      - Myelosuppressive chemotherapy: patients must have completely recovered from all
      acute toxic effects of chemotherapy, immunotherapy or radiotherapy prior to study
      enrollment; at least 14 days must have elapsed since the completion of cytotoxic
      therapy, with the exception of hydroxyurea

         - Note: cytoreduction with hydroxyurea can be initiated and continued for up
         to 24 hours prior to the start of protocol therapy

      - Hematopoietic growth factors: at least 14 days after the last dose of a
      long-acting growth factor (e.g., pegfilgrastim) or 7 days for short-acting growth
      factor; for agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after
      administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse
      events are known to occur

      - Biologic (anti-neoplastic agent): at least 7 days must have elapsed since
      completion of therapy with a biologic agent; for agents that have known adverse
      events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period prior to
      enrollment must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known
      to occur

      - Monoclonal antibodies:

         - At least 30 days after the completion of any type of immunotherapy, e.g.
         tumor vaccines

         - At least 3 half-lives must have elapsed since prior therapy that included a
         monoclonal antibody

      - Radiotherapy:

         - >= 2 weeks must have elapsed since local palliative external radiation
         therapy (XRT) (small port)

         - >= 6 months must have elapsed if prior craniospinal XRT was received, if >=
         50% of the pelvis was irradiated, or if traumatic brain injury (TBI) was
         received

         - >= 4 weeks must have elapsed if other substantial bone marrow irradiation
         was given

      - Stem cell transplant or rescue without TBI: no evidence of active graft versus
      (vs.) host disease and >= 3 months must have elapsed since transplant; >= 4 weeks
      must have elapsed since any donor lymphocyte infusion

   - Patients must not be known to be refractory to red blood cell or platelet transfusions

   - Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70
   mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows (must be
   performed within 7 days prior to enrollment):

      - Age: Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL)

         - 1 month to < 6 months: 0.4 (male) 0.4 (female)

         - 6 months to < 1 year: 0.5 (male) 0.5 (female)

         - 1 to < 2 years: 0.6 (male) 0.6 (female)

         - 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 (male) 0.8 (female)

         - 6 to < 10 years: 1 (male) 1 (female)

         - 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 (male) 1.2 (female)

         - 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 (male) 1.4 (female)

         - >= 16 years: 1.7 (male) 1.4 (female)

   - Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (must be performed within
   7 days prior to enrollment)

   - Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 3 x
   ULN (=< 135 U/L) (for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L) (must be
   performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)

   - Serum albumin >= 2 g/dL (must be performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)

   - Shortening fraction of >= 27% by echocardiogram OR ejection fraction of >= 50% by
   multi-gated acquisition (MUGA)

   - Corrected QT (by Bazett's formula [QTcB]) interval < 450 msecs

   - Patients must be able to swallow tablets or liquid; use of a nasogastric or
   gastrostomy (G) tube is also allowed

Exclusion Criteria:

   - Patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding are not eligible for this study as there
   is yet no available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities;
   negative pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal; patients of
   reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective
   contraceptive method for the duration of study therapy; women of childbearing
   potential should be advised to use effective contraception for 4 months after the last
   dose of trametinib; trametinib may also potentially be secreted in milk and therefore
   breastfeeding women are excluded; female patients should not breastfeed during
   treatment with trametinib, and for 4 months following the last dose; male patients
   must use a condom during intercourse and agree not to father a child during therapy
   and for 4 months following discontinuation of trametinib to avoid unnecessary exposure
   of trametinib to the fetus

   - Concomitant Medications

      - Corticosteroids: patients requiring corticosteroids who have not been on a stable
      or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for the 7 days prior to enrollment are not
      eligible; if used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14
      days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid

         - Note: hydrocortisone used as a pre-medication to prevent transfusion related
         reactions is not considered a concomitant corticosteroid

      - Investigational drugs: patients who are currently receiving another
      investigational drug are not eligible

      - Anti-cancer agents: patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents
      are not eligible (except patients receiving hydroxyurea, which may be continued
      until 24 hours prior to start of protocol therapy)

      - Anti-graft versus host disease (GVHD) or agents to prevent organ rejection
      post-transplant: patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other
      agents to prevent either graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant or
      organ rejection post-transplant are not eligible for this trial

      - Cardiac medications: any medications for treatment of left ventricular systolic
      dysfunction

   - Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible

   - Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the
   safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible

   - Patients with a history of hepatic sinusoid obstructive syndrome (veno-occlusive
   disease) within the prior 3 months

   - Patients with a history of current evidence/risk of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) or
   central serous retinopathy (CSR)

   - Patients with a history of RVO or CSR, or predisposing factors to RVO or CSR (e.g.,
   uncontrolled glaucoma or ocular hypertension)

   - Uncontrolled systemic disease(s) such as hypertension or diabetes mellitus; blood
   pressure must be =< the 95th percentile for age, height, and gender

   - History of allergic reaction attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic
   composition to the MEK inhibitor, trametinib

Ages Eligible for Study

1 Month - 21 Years

Genders Eligible for Study

All

Now accepting new patients

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Nancy Sweeters
nks2016@stanford.edu
Recruiting