Trial Search Results
Immune Modulation by Enhanced vs Standard Prehabilitation Program Before Major Surgery
Over 30 million surgeries are performed annually in the US. Up to 30% of surgical patients experience delayed surgical recovery, marked by prolonged post-surgical pain, opioid consumption, and functional impairment, which contributes $8 billion annually to US health care costs. Novel interventions that improve the resolution of pain, minimize opioid exposure, and accelerate functional recovery after surgery are urgently needed.
Multi-modal pre-operative optimization programs (or "prehab") integrating exercise, nutrition, and stress reduction have been shown to safely and effectively improve outcomes after surgery. However, no objective biological markers assess prehab effectiveness and are able to tailor prehab programs to individual patients. Surgery is a profound immunological perturbation, during which a complex network of innate and adaptive immune cells is mobilized to organize the recovery process of wound healing, tissue repair, and pain resolution. As such, the in-depth assessment of a patient's immune system before surgery is a promising approach to tailor prehab programs to modifiable biological markers associated with surgical recovery. The primary goal of this clinical trial is to determine the effect of a personalized prehab program on patients immunological status before surgery.
Stanford is currently accepting patients for this trial.
- Behavioral: Physical Prehabilitation
- Behavioral: Stress Reduction Prehabilitation
- Behavioral: Cognitive Prehabilitation
- Behavioral: Nutrition Prehabilitation
- Adult patients (≥ 18 years)
- Competent to provide informed consent
- Undergoing major elective surgery under general anesthesia in ≥14 days from enrollment
(abdominal, thoracic, plastic and neurosurgeries).
- Fluent in English
- Premorbid conditions or orthopedic impairments with contraindications to exercise
- Cognitive disabilities defined as evolutive neurological or neurodegenerative disease
- ASA score 4 or higher or patient under palliative care
- Illiteracy (inability to read the English language).
- Expected length of stay at hospital < 48 hours
- Patient under tutorship or curatorship
- Pregnant or breast-feeding woman
- Absence of informed consent or request to not participate to the study
Ages Eligible for Study
18 Years - N/A
Genders Eligible for Study