Avastin/[18-F]-5-fluorouracil PET/CT Imaging Feasibility Project

Not Recruiting

Trial ID: NCT00661154


To determine whether using a radiolabelled analog of 5-FU, \[18F\]-5-fluorouracil, for PET/CT imaging can visually demonstrate differential chemotherapy delivery to known tumor sites before and after administration of bevacizumab and determine the optimal timing of bevacizumab administration to maximize the chemotherapy delivery into the tumor for improved cancer treatment.

Official Title

Avastin/[18-F]-5-fluorouracil PET/CT Imaging Feasibility Project

Stanford Investigator(s)

George A. Fisher Jr.
George A. Fisher Jr.

Colleen Haas Chair in the School of Medicine


Inclusion Criteria:

1. Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the colon.
2. Patients must have metastatic disease to the liver with at least one lesion that is measurable by RECIST criteria within 4 weeks prior to entry of study
3. Patients with a history of colon adenocarcinoma treated by surgical resection who develop radiological or clinical evidence of metastatic cancer do not require separate histological or cytological confirmation of metastatic disease unless an interval of \> 5 years has elapsed between the primary surgery and the development of metastatic disease. Clinicians should consider biopsy of lesions to establish diagnosis of metastatic colon adenocarcinoma if there is substantial clinical ambiguity regarding the nature or source of apparent metastases.
4. Patients must have ECOG performance status of 0-2
5. Patients must be \>= 18 years of age
6. Laboratory values \<= 2 weeks prior to enrollment:

* Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) \>= 1.5 x 10\^9/L (\>= 1500/mm\^3)
* Platelets (PLT) \>= 100 x 10\^9/L \>= 100,000/mm\^3)
* Hemoglobin (Hgb) \>= 9 g/dL
* Serum creatinine \<= 1.5 ULN
* Serum bilirubin \<= 1.5 ULN
* Aspartate aminotransferase (AST/SGOT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT/SGPT) \<= 3.0 x ULN (\<= 5 x ULN if liver metastases present). Note: ERCP or percutaneous stenting may be used to normalize the liver function tests.
* Negative for proteinuria based on dip stick reading OR, if documentation of +1 result for protein on dip stick reading, then total urinary protein \<= 500 mg and measured creatinine clearance (CrCl) \>= 50 mL/min from a 24-hour urine collection
7. Life expectancy \>= 12 weeks
8. Ability to give written informed consent according to local guidelines

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Patients receiving prior 5-FU for the treatment of metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma will be excluded from enrollment. Previous use of 5-FU for adjuvant treatment of resected stage II or III colorectal adenocarcinoma will be allowed, provided the time from last 5-FU administration to enrollment is \> 3 months.
2. Prior full field radiotherapy \<= 4 weeks or limited field radiotherapy \<= 2 weeks prior to enrollment. Patients must have recovered from all therapy-related toxicities. The site of previous radiotherapy should have evidence of progressive disease if this is the only site of disease.
3. Prior biologic or immunotherapy \<= 2 weeks prior to registration. Patients must have recovered from all therapy-related toxicities
4. Prior therapy with anti-VEGF agents
5. Patients with a history of another primary malignancy \<= 5 years, with the exception of inactive basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
6. Concurrent use of other investigational agents and patients who have received investigational drugs \<= 4 weeks prior to enrollment.
7. Female patients who are pregnant or breast feeding, or adults of reproductive potential not employing an effective method of birth control. Barrier contraceptives must be used throughout the trial in both sexes. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test 48 hours prior to administration of study treatment.
8. Patients unwilling to or unable to comply with the protocol


drug: Bevacizumab

Not Recruiting

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Maurice Zissen

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