A Study of Atezolizumab and Paclitaxel Versus Placebo and Paclitaxel in Participants With Previously Untreated Locally Advanced or Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC)

Not Recruiting

Trial ID: NCT03125902


This Phase 3, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study is designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of atezolizumab (MPDL3280A, an anti-programmed death-ligand 1 [PD-L1] antibody) administered in combination with paclitaxel compared with placebo in combination with paclitaxel in participants with previously untreated, inoperable locally advanced or metastatic, centrally confirmed TNBC. Participants will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive atezolizumab or placebo plus paclitaxel until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or end of study, whichever occurs first (maximum up to approximately 40 months). In addition, the Sponsor may decide to terminate the study at any time.

Official Title

A Phase III, Multicenter, Randomised, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of Atezolizumab (Anti-Pd-L1 Antibody) in Combination With Paclitaxel Compared With Placebo With Paclitaxel for Patients With Previously Untreated Inoperable Locally Advanced or Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Stanford Investigator(s)

Melinda L. Telli, M.D.
Melinda L. Telli, M.D.

Professor of Medicine (Oncology)


Inclusion Criteria:

   - Participants with locally advanced or metastatic, histologically documented TNBC
   (absence of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 [HER2], estrogen receptor [ER],
   and progesterone receptor [PR] expression), not amenable to surgical therapy

   - Participants eligible for taxane monotherapy

   - No prior chemotherapy or targeted systemic therapy (including endocrine therapy) for
   inoperable locally advanced or metastatic TNBC

   - Availability of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor block (preferred) or at
   least 17 unstained slides, collected ≤3 months prior to randomization, with an
   associated pathology report, if available. If a tumour sample taken within 3 months
   before randomisation is not available and a tumour biopsy is not clinically feasible,
   the primary surgical resection sample or the most recent FFPE tumour biopsy sample may
   be used. Of these additional options, the most recent sample should be used.

   - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1

   - Life expectancy at least 12 weeks

   - Measurable disease, as defined by RECIST v1.1

   - Adequate hematologic and end-organ function

   - Negative human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test at screening.

   - Negative hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) test at screening

   - Negative total hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) test at screening, or positive HBcAb
   test followed by a negative hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA test at screening. The HBV DNA
   test will be performed only for patients who have a positive HBcAb test.

   - Negative hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody test at screening, or positive HCV antibody
   test followed by a negative HCV RNA test at screening. The HCV RNA test will be
   performed only for patients who have a positive HCV antibody test.

   - Women of child bearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test result
   within 7 days prior to initiation of study drug

   - For men and women of child bearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent or use
   protocol defined contraceptive measures during the treatment period and for at least 5
   months after the last dose of atezolizumab/placebo, or for at least 6 months after the
   last dose of paclitaxel

Exclusion Criteria:

   - Spinal cord compression not definitively treated with surgery and/or radiation, or
   previously diagnosed and treated spinal cord compression without evidence that disease
   has been clinically stable for at least 2 weeks prior to randomization

   - Known central nervous system (CNS) disease, except for treated asymptomatic CNS

   - Leptomeningeal disease

   - Uncontrolled pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, or ascites

   - Uncontrolled tumor-related pain, or uncontrolled hypercalcemia or clinically
   significant (symptomatic) hypercalcemia

   - Malignancies other than TNBC within 5 years prior to randomization, with the exception
   of those with a negligible risk of metastasis or death and treated with expected
   curative outcome (such as adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix,
   non-melanoma skin carcinoma, or Stage I uterine cancer)

   - Pregnant or breast-feeding women, or intending to become pregnant during the study

   - Evidence of significant uncontrolled concomitant disease that could affect compliance
   with the protocol or interpretation of results, including significant liver disease,
   cardiovascular disease, and presence of an abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG)

   - Serious infection requiring antibiotics within 2 weeks prior to randomization,
   including but not limited to infections requiring hospitalization or IV antibiotics,
   such as bacteremia, or severe pneumonia

   - Major surgical procedure within 4 weeks prior to randomization or anticipation of the
   need for a major surgical procedure during the study other than for diagnosis

   - Treatment with investigational therapy within 30 days prior to initiation of study

   - History of hypersensitivity reactions to study drug or any component of the study drug


drug: Atezolizumab (MPDL3280A), an engineered anti-PDL1 antibody

drug: Atezolizumab Placebo

drug: Paclitaxel

Not Recruiting

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305

New Trial Alerts

Receive email alerts when trials open to patients.