B-cell Immunity to Influenza (SLVP017) - Years 2 (2010) & 3 (2011)

Not Recruiting

Trial ID: NCT03020498

Purpose

In this exploratory study, investigators will be looking at immune response differences between age groups and between the two different influenza vaccines given to identical twins, vaccine-naive young adults and elderly participants.

Official Title

Protective Mechanisms Against a Pandemic Respiratory Virus. Project 1: B-cell Immunity to Influenza. Technical Development Project 1: Measuring the Immunome: Genomic Approaches to B-cell Repertoire - Years 2 (2010) & 3 (2011)

Stanford Investigator(s)

Eligibility

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Healthy, ambulatory 8-17 year old identical twins, 8-30 year old non-twins, or 70-100 year old elderly non-twin adults.
2. Willing to complete the informed consent process.
3. Availability for follow-up for the planned duration of the study at least 28 days after immunization.
4. Acceptable medical history by medical history and vital signs.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Prior vaccination with seasonal TIV or LAIV or H1N1.
2. Prior off-study vaccination with the current seasonal TIV or LAIV
3. Allergy to egg or egg products, or to vaccine components
4. Life-threatening reactions to previous influenza vaccinations
5. Asthma or history of wheezing
6. Active systemic or serious concurrent illness, including febrile illness on the day of vaccination
7. History of immunodeficiency (including HIV infection)
8. Known or suspected impairment of immunologic function, including, but not limited to, clinically significant liver disease, diabetes mellitus treated with insulin, moderate to severe renal disease, or any other chronic disorder which, in the opinion of the investigator, might jeopardize volunteer safety or compliance with the protocol.
9. Blood pressure \>150 systolic or \>95 diastolic at first study visit
10. Hospitalization in the past year for congestive heart failure or emphysema.
11. Chronic Hepatitis B or C.
12. Recent or current use of immunosuppressive medication, including systemic glucocorticoids (corticosteroid nasal sprays and topical steroids are permissible in all groups; inhaled steroid use is not permissible except for non-LAIV Group C only). Use of oral steroids (\<20mg prednisone-equivalent/day) may be acceptable for volunteers 70-100 yrs of age after review by the investigator.
13. Participants in close contact with anyone who has a severely weakened immune system should not receive LAIV (Groups A and B only)
14. Malignancy, other than squamous cell or basal cell skin cancer (includes solid tumors such as breast cancer or prostate cancer with recurrence in the past year, and any hematologic cancer such as leukemia).
15. Autoimmune disease (including rheumatoid arthritis treated with immunosuppressive medication such as Plaquenil, methotrexate, prednisone, Enbrel) which, in the opinion of the investigator, might jeopardize volunteer safety or compliance with the protocol.
16. History of blood dyscrasias, renal disease, or hemoglobinopathies requiring regular medical follow up or hospitalization during the preceding year
17. Use of any anti-coagulation medication such as Coumadin or Lovenox, or anti-platelet agents such as aspirin (except up to 325 mg. per day), Plavix, or Aggrenox must be reviewed by investigator to determine if this would affect the volunteer's safety.
18. Receipt of blood or blood products within the past 6 months
19. Medical or psychiatric condition or occupational responsibilities that preclude participant compliance with the protocol
20. Inactivated vaccine 14 days prior to vaccination
21. Live, attenuated vaccine within 60 days of vaccination
22. History of Guillain-Barré Syndrome
23. Pregnant or lactating woman
24. Use of investigational agents within 30 days prior to enrollment
25. Donation of the equivalent of a unit of blood within 6 weeks prior to enrollment
26. Any condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, might interfere with volunteer safety, study objectives or the ability of the participant to understand or comply with the study protocol.

Intervention(s):

biological: Fluzone

biological: FluMist

Not Recruiting

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305