Drug-Eluting Stents vs. Bare Metal Stents In Saphenous Vein Graft Angioplasty

Not Recruiting

Trial ID: NCT01121224


Patients who have undergone coronary bypass surgery have had a vein removed from the leg and implanted in the chest to "bypass" blockages in the coronary arteries. These veins are called saphenous vein grafts or SVGs. SVGs often develop blockages that can cause chest pain and heart attacks. SVG blockages can be opened by using small balloons and stents (metal coils that keep the artery open). Two types of stents are currently used: bare metal stents (BMS) and drug-eluting stents (DES). Both BMS and DES are made of metal. DES are also coated with a drug that releases into the wall of the blood vessel to prevent scar tissue from forming and re-narrowing the vessel. Both stents have advantages and disadvantages: DES require taking special blood thinners (called thienopyridines, such as clopidogrel or prasugrel) longer than bare metal stent and could have more bleeding but are also less likely to renarrow. Both BMS and DES are routinely being used in SVGs, but it is not known which one is better. Neither bare metal (except for an outdated model) nor drug-eluting stents are FDA approved for use in SVGs. The purpose of CSP#571 is to compare the outcomes after DES vs. BMS use in SVGs. In CSP#571 patients who need stenting of SVG blockages will be randomized to receive DES or BMS in a 1:1 ratio. Per standard practice, patients will receive 12 months of an open label thienopyridine if they have acute coronary syndrome (ACS), or if they have another clinical reason for needing the medication. Patients without ACS who receive DES also need to take 12 months of a thienopyridine whether or not they are in the study, but non-ACS patients who receive a BMS do not. In order to make sure patients do not know which stent they received, non-ACS patients who received BMS will receive 1 month of open label thienopyridine followed by 11 months of blinded placebo, while those who received DES will receive 1 month of open label thienopyridine followed by 11 months of blinded clopidogrel, which is a thienopyridine. All study patients will be followed in the clinic for at least 1 year after their stenting procedure to see if there is a difference in the rate of cardiac death, heart attack, or any procedure that is required in order to increase the flow of blood to and from the heart between the BMS and DES groups.

Official Title

CSP #571 - Drug-eluting Stents vs. Bare Metal Stents in Saphenous Vein Graft Angioplasty (DIVA)

Stanford Investigator(s)


Inclusion Criteria:

   - Age 18 years

   - Need for percutaneous coronary intervention of a 50-99% de novo SVG lesion that is
   between 2.25 and 4.5 mm in diameter and that is considered to cause clinical or
   functional ischemia

   - Intent to use a distal embolic protection device

   - Agrees to participate and to take prescribed medications as instructed

   - Has provided informed consent and agrees to participate

Exclusion Criteria:

   - Planned non-cardiac surgery within the following 12 months

   - Presentation with an ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction

   - Target SVG is the last remaining vessel or is the "left main" equivalent

   - Any previous percutaneous treatment of the target lesion (with balloon angioplasty,
   stent, intravascular brachytherapy etc)

   - Any previous percutaneous treatment of the target vessel (of a lesion different than
   the target lesion) within the prior 12 months

   - Hemorrhagic diatheses, or refusal to receive blood transfusions

   - Warfarin administration required for the next 12 months and patient considered to be
   at high risk of bleeding with triple anticoagulation/antiplatelet therapy

   - Recent positive pregnancy test, breast-feeding, or possibility of a future pregnancy
   (defined as no prior hysterectomy or as <5 years elapsing since last menstrual period)

   - Coexisting conditions that limit life expectancy to less than 12 months

   - History of an allergic reaction or significant sensitivity to drugs such as sirolimus,
   paclitaxel, zotarolimus, or everolimus included in various DES. History of an allergic
   reaction or significant sensitivity to L-605 cobalt chromium alloy (cobalt, silicon,
   chromium, tungsten, manganese, iron, nickel), F562 cobalt chromium alloy (cobalt,
   chromium, nickel), 316L surgical stainless steel (iron, chromium, nickel, and
   molybdenum), or MP35N cobalt-based alloy (cobalt, nickel, chromium, molybdenum,
   titanium, iron, silicon, and manganese), or components of the platinum chromium alloy

   - Allergy to clopidogrel in patients who do not present with an acute coronary syndrome
   (ACS), where ACS is defined as cardiac ischemic symptoms occurring at rest and 1 of
   the following 3 criteria: electrocardiographic changes suggestive of ischemia
   (ST-segment elevation or depression 1 mm in 2 contiguous leads, or new left bundle
   branch block, or posterior myocardial infarction); positive biomarker indicating
   myocardial necrosis (troponin I or T or creatine kinase-MB greater than the upper
   limit of normal); or coronary revascularization performed during hospitalization
   triggered by the cardiac ischemic symptoms

   - Participating in another interventional randomized trial (required condition for all
   CSP studies) for which dual enrollment with DIVA is not approved


device: Bare Metal Stent

device: Drug-Eluting Stent

drug: Blinded clopidogrel

drug: Placebo

drug: Thienopyridine (open-label)

Not Recruiting

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Todd Wagner