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Evaluating Neuroprotection in Aneurysm Coiling Therapy
Trial ID: NCT00728182
This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single-dose, design investigating the safety, tolerability and efficacy of NA-1, a peptide designed to reduce ischemic brain damage. Up to 200 male and female patients undergoing endovascular repair of brain aneurysm will be dosed with 2.60 mg/kg of NA-1 or placebo as a 10 minute intravenous infusion after completion of the endovascular procedure on Day 1 of the study period. Subjects will undergo interim procedures Days 2-4 and end-of study procedures on Day 30. Standard safety criteria will be analysed. Efficacy endpoints include the ability of NA-1 to: 1) reduce the volume of ischemic embolic strokes, 2) reduce the number of ischemic embolic strokes, 3) reduce vascular cognitive impairment, and 4) reduce the frequency of large strokes induced by the endovascular procedure. The plasma concentrations of NA-1 will also be analyzed.
A Phase II, Multicenter, Randomized, Fasting, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Safety, Tolerability and Efficacy Study Evaluating a Single Dose of Intravenous NA-1 in Male and Female Patients Undergoing Endovascular Repair of Brain Aneurysms
- A diagnosis of a ruptured or unruptured brain aneurysm deemed suitable for repair by
neuroendovascular techniques involving intraluminal occlusion by detachable platinum
coils, stent-assisted coiling, pipeline stent, balloon-assisted coiling, covered stent
only, neck-bridge device, re-coiling, or re-treatment of a previously coiled/treated
aneurysm. There are no restrictions on adjunctive devices. For patients with a
ruptured aneurysm, endovascular repair must take place within 72 hours of the ictal
- If the aneurysm has ruptured, patient should be Grade I-III on the World Federation of
Neurological Surgeons (WFNS) grading scale for subarachnoid hemorrhage. If the patient
is intubated but alert and able to follow commands (at least a 2-step command), and is
not kept intubated for neurological status (i.e., WFNS Grade IV or V), the patient is
considered WFNS Grade III and is eligible for the trial.
- Absence of ongoing ischemic symptoms such as transient ischemic attacks, minor
strokes, stroke-in-evolution, or clinical evidence of cerebral vasospasm within 2
weeks prior to randomization. (If a CT scan, cerebral angiogram, or other imaging
performed during the 2 weeks prior to randomization shows radiological vasospasm
deemed by the treating physician to be potentially clinically significant, the subject
- Brain MRI imaging (DWI and FLAIR sequences) within 2 weeks prior to the endovascular
aneurysm repair procedure as detailed in Section 8.2. Imaging must not demonstrate any
focal ischemic stroke defined as a new region of restricted diffusion and/or a focal
area of reduced perfusion on a relative mean transit time (rMTT) or relative time to
peak (rTTP) map
- Male or female with a minimum age of 18 years on the day of enrolment.
- Female subjects of childbearing potential: Negative pregnancy test. After enrolment,
blood will be drawn from women of childbearing potential for a confirmatory test of
pregnancy as evaluated by a serum B-hCG test. The definition of non-childbearing
potential includes the following:
- Surgically sterile (e.g., hysterectomy with or without oophorectomy; fallopian
tube ligation; endometrial ablation), at least 30 days prior to signature of the
Informed Consent form
- At least 5 years post-menopause (i.e., 6 years post last menstrual period), or
menopause confirmed by follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) testing. Non-surgically
sterile females or females with undocumented post-menopausal status must be
willing to use a medically approved method of birth control for 3 months after
completion of dosing.
- Non-surgically sterile males or males with partners of childbearing potential must be
willing to use condoms with spermicide for 3 months after completion of dosing.
- Body weight less than or equal to 180 kg.
- Normal or abnormal but not clinically significant findings in the
- non-neurological physical examination
- 12-lead ECG
- PQ or PR interval less than or equal to 210 msec;
- In unruptured aneurysm cases, QTc interval less than 450 msec for males or 470
msec for females. For ruptured aneurysm cases, QTc interval is not restricted.
- vital signs
- blood pressure between 80-180/50-100 mm Hg,
- body temperature less than or equal to 38.5oC
- Informed consent and availability of the subject for the entire study period and
willingness of the subject to adhere to protocol requirements, as evidenced by a
signed Informed Consent Form.
- Dissecting or mycotic brain aneurysm. Fusiform or atherosclerotic intracerebral
aneurysms may be eligible for the trial if endovascular treatment is planned with a
goal of exclusion of the aneurysm from the circulation.
- Planned endovascular vessel sacrifice as the primary modality for aneurysm treatment.
- Known history of life-threatening allergic reaction to any medication.
- Chronic renal disease defined as a baseline serum creatinine > 150 umol/L.
- Women who are pregnant, or have a positive urine or blood (β-hCG) pregnancy test.
- Women who are breastfeeding.
- Any clinically significant psychiatric or psychological disease, which would preclude
the patient from completing the protocol.
- Pre-morbid (estimated) modified Rankin scale score of greater than 2.
- Previous serious traumatic brain injury that would preclude the patient from
completing the protocol or preclude MRI analysis of small strokes.
- Patients with known HIV infection.
- Patients who are unable to have an MRI scan for any reason.
- Participation in a clinical trial with an investigational drug within 30 days
preceding this study. Previous participation in the ENACT trial (e.g,, to treat a
prior aneurysm), participation in another trial involving NA-1 or prior receipt of
- Any other medical condition that the site investigator deems would put the patient at
excessive risk of participation in the study or an expected life expectancy less than
1 year or that would result in inability to collect clinical outcomes at 30 days.
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Huy M. Do, MD