Embodied Virtual Reality Therapy for Functional Neurological Symptom/ Conversion Disorder

Not Recruiting

Trial ID: NCT02764476


The purpose of this study is to design and test the safety and feasibility of virtual reality technologies and experiences of egocentric avatar embodiment in the application of physical and cognitive behavior therapy in functional neurological symptom/conversion disorder. Investigators hypothesize that patients will safely use and accept this modality of treatment and will show evidence of a decrease in symptom frequency.

Official Title

Safety and Feasibility of Virtual Reality Therapy for Functional Neurological Symptom/Conversion Disorder

Stanford Investigator(s)

Kim Bullock, MD
Kim Bullock, MD

Clinical Professor, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Sarada Sakamuri, MD
Sarada Sakamuri, MD

Clinical Associate Professor, Neurology & Neurological Sciences Clinical Associate Professor (By courtesy), Neurosurgery


Inclusion Criteria:

* Adults 18-65 years, who are diagnosed with functional neurologic symptom or conversion disorder. If diagnosis of seizure type then video EEG with diagnosis confirmed by board-certified neurologist with subspecialty training in epilepsy and clinical neurophysiology using the criteria of the International Classification of the Epilepsies is required. If diagnosis of motor type, documented and clinically established levels of diagnostic certainty (Williams,1995) confirmed by 2 neurologists is required.
* Participants must have at least one symptom per month in the month prior to enrollment
* Fluency in English spoken language

Exclusion Criteria:

* Nonfluency or inability to communicate in English spoken language
* Inability to participate or attend biweekly 30 minute session over 14 weeks
* Frank psychosis
* Active self harm urges
* Serious medical illness
* Active substance or alcohol use or dependence that could interfere with participation
* Diagnoses of mental retardation, dementia or delirium
* Pregnant women


other: Embodied Virtual Reality Therapy

other: Virtual reality

Not Recruiting

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Kim Bullock, MD