IRX-2 Regimen in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Stage II, III, or IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity

Not Recruiting

Trial ID: NCT02609386


The purpose of this study is to determine whether a pre-operative regimen of the study drug, IRX-2, a human cell-derived biologic with multiple active cytokine components, plus a single dose of cyclophosphamide, followed by 21 days of indomethacin, zinc-containing multivitamins, and omeprazole is active in treatment of oral cavity cancer. The regimen is intended to stimulate an immune response against the cancer.

Official Title

A Randomized Phase 2 Trial of Neoadjuvant and Adjuvant Therapy With the IRX 2 Regimen in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Stage II, III, or IVA Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity

Stanford Investigator(s)

A. Dimitrios Colevas, MD
A. Dimitrios Colevas, MD

Professor of Medicine (Oncology) and, by courtesy, of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery (OHNS) and of Radiation Oncology (Radiation Therapy)


Inclusion Criteria:

   1. Pathologically confirmed (histology or cytology) clinical Stage II, III, or IVA
   squamous cell cancer of the oral cavity (excluding lip). Subjects must be staged using
   AJCC Cancer Staging Manual Edition 7.0 (appendices 1 and 2).

   2. Disease surgically resectable with curative intent

   3. Hematological function: hemoglobin >9 g/dL; lymphocyte count >0.50 x 109/L; neutrophil
   count >1.5 x 109/L; platelet count >100 x 109/L

   4. Hepatic function: serum albumin >3.0 g/dL; aspartate aminotransferase (AST/SGOT) and
   alanine aminotransferase (ALT/SGPT) <3x the upper limits of normal (ULN); alkaline
   phosphatase <2x the ULN

   5. Prothrombin time (PT) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) < 1.4x the ULN

   6. Calculated creatinine clearance > 50 mL/minute (Appendix 4)

   7. At least 18 years of age

   8. Willing and able to give informed consent and adhere to protocol therapy

   9. Karnofsky performance status (KPS) >=70%

10. Females of childbearing potential (not surgically sterile or less than 12 months
   post-menopausal) must be able and willing to use a highly effective form of pregnancy
   prevention from the time of screening, during the study and 30 days after last dose of
   study regimen. Males with a partner of childbearing potential must use condoms with
   spermicide from the date of screening to 30 days after their last dose of study

11. Negative urine/serum pregnancy test, if applicable

Exclusion Criteria:

   1. Prior surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy other than biopsy or emergency
   procedure required for supportive care of this oral cavity cancer.

   2. Any medical contraindications or previous therapy that would preclude treatment with
   either IRX 2 Regimen 1 or 2 or the surgery, reconstruction or adjuvant therapy
   required to treat the oral tumor appropriately

      - Live vaccines should ideally not be administered to any patients undergoing
      treatment with chemotherapy or immunotherapy, but if need be, they should be
      administered >4 months prior to the initiation of treatment or >4 months after
      the completion of all treatment

      - Inactivated vaccines should precede the initiation of any study regimen and/or
      standard adjuvant therapy by at least 2 weeks, but preferably 4 weeks or longer

   3. Clinical status of either subject or tumor such that administration of 21 day
   neoadjuvant IRX-2 Regimen 1 or 2 before surgery would be medically inappropriate

   4. Tumor of the oropharynx

   5. Tumor involvement of the following sites or any of these signs or symptoms likely to
   be associated with T4b cancer:

      - involvement of pterygopalatine fossa, maxillary sinus, or facial skin;.

      - gross extension of tumor to the skull base;

      - pterygoid plate erosion;

      - sphenoid bone or foramen ovale involvement;

      - direct extension to involve prevertebral fascia;

      - extension to superior nasopharynx or Eustachian tube;

      - direct extension into the neck with involvement of the deep neck musculature
      (neck node fixation);

      - suspected invasion (encasement) of the common or internal carotid arteries.
      Encasement will be assessed radiographically and will be defined as tumor
      surrounding the carotid artery 270º or greater;

      - direct extension of neck disease to involve the external skin;

      - direct extension to mediastinal structures;

      - regional metastases to the supraclavicular neck (low level IVB or VB)

   6. Any investigational agent within the previous 30 days.

   7. Daily administration of systemic immunosuppressive therapy or corticosteroids (except
   in physiological doses for hormone deficiency) during the previous 30 days.

   8. Chronic anticoagulation, not including aspirin, but including heparins, warfarin, oral
   anticoagulation or other platelet function inhibitors, that can not, in the documented
   opinion of the investigator, safely be interrupted from at least 2 days prior to the
   initiation of the study regimen until after surgical resection of the tumor.

   9. Symptomatic cardiopulmonary disease (including congestive heart failure and
   hypertension), coronary artery disease, serious arrhythmia or chronic lung disease.
   Patients with these conditions who are stable with relatively minor symptoms and who
   are appropriate candidates for surgical treatment of their tumor need not be excluded

10. Myocardial infarction within the last 3 months

11. Distant metastases (M1 disease).

12. Known infection with hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or HIV.

13. Signs or symptoms of systemic bacterial infection (use of antibiotics to treat
   superficial infection or contamination of tumor shall not, by itself, be considered
   evidence of infection).

14. Clinically significant gastritis or peptic ulcer disease that would contraindicate the
   use of indomethacin.

15. Stroke or other symptoms of cerebral vascular insufficiency within the last 3 months.

16. Allergy to ciprofloxacin (or other quinolones), acetylsalicylic acid, or indomethacin.

17. Previous diagnosis of invasive cancer from which the individual is NOT disease-free
   AND that has required treatment within the past 5 years, except for superficial skin,
   cervical cancer in-situ, well-differentiated thyroid or early stage prostate or
   bladder cancer (i.e., treatment with curative intent and long term disease-free

18. Prior axillary dissection.

19. Breastfeeding women.


biological: IRX-2

drug: Cyclophosphamide

drug: Indomethacin

dietary supplement: Zinc-containing multivitamin

drug: Omeprazole

Not Recruiting

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305

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