Nivolumab After Surgery and Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Stage IB-IIIA Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (An ALCHEMIST Treatment Trial)

Not Recruiting

Trial ID: NCT02595944


This phase III ALCHEMIST treatment trial studies how well nivolumab after surgery and chemotherapy work in treating patients with stage IB-IIIA non-small cell lung cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.

Official Title

Adjuvant Nivolumab in Resected Lung Cancers (ANVIL)-A Randomized Phase III Study of Nivolumab After Surgical Resection and Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancers

Stanford Investigator(s)

Heather Wakelee
Heather Wakelee

Winston Chen and Phyllis Huang Professor


Inclusion Criteria:

   - Age >= 18 years

   - Patients must have undergone complete surgical resection of their stage IB (>= 4 cm),
   II or IIIA NSCLC according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 7th
   edition and have had negative surgical margins

   - Baseline chest CT must be performed within 1 month (30 days) prior to randomization to
   ensure no evidence of disease; if clinically indicated, additional imaging studies
   must be performed to rule out metastatic disease

   - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1

   - Patients must be registered to the ALCHEMIST-SCREEN (ALLIANCE A151216) trial prior to

   - Non-squamous tumors must not be positive for EGFR exon 19 deletion or exon 21 L858R
   mutation (centrally as part of the ALCHEMIST-SCREEN protocol) and ALK rearrangement
   (centrally as part of ALCHEMIST-SCREEN and/or locally)

      - NOTE: if the results of the central EGFR testing are negative, but the ALK
      testing was not able to be completed by the ALCHEMIST central lab, the ALK status
      will be considered negative (unless locally positive for ALK rearrangement) and
      the patient may be considered for enrollment onto EA5142, once PD-L1 results are
      received and all other eligibility requirements are met

   - Tumors must have PD-L1 status tested centrally as part of the ALCHEMIST-SCREEN

   - Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding due to unknown and potentially harmful
   effects of nivolumab on the developing fetus or child

   - All females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2
   weeks prior to registration to rule out pregnancy; a female of childbearing potential
   is any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal
   ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or
   bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24
   consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive

   - Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must be strongly advised to
   use an accepted and effective method of contraception or to abstain from sexual
   intercourse during the treatment period and for 31 weeks after the last nivolumab

   - Patients must NOT have uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited
   to, serious ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure,
   unstable angina pectoris, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric
   illness/social situation that would limit compliance with study requirements

   - No prior treatment with an immune checkpoint inhibitor (anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1,
   anti-CTLA4 monoclonal antibody)

   - Patients must have adequately recovered from thoracic surgery and any administered
   chemotherapy/radiotherapy at the time of randomization (NOTE: adjuvant chemotherapy
   and/or radiation is not required)

      - Minimum time between date of surgery and randomization is 4 weeks (28 days)

      - Maximum time allowed between surgery and randomization:

         - 3 months (90 days) if no chemotherapy is administered

         - 8 months (240 days) if adjuvant chemotherapy was administered

         - 10 months (300 days) if adjuvant chemotherapy and radiation therapy was

   - Patients must have completed and recovered from any adjuvant chemotherapy 2 or more
   weeks prior to randomization (6 weeks for mitomycin and nitrosoureas; 4 weeks for
   post-operative radiation therapy) (NOTE: adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiation is not

   - Serum aspartate transaminase (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) and serum alanine
   transaminase (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 2.5 x upper limit normal (within 2
   weeks prior to randomization)

   - Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (except in subjects with Gilbert
   syndrome who must have a total bilirubin < 3.0 x ULN) (within 2 weeks prior to

   - White blood cell (WBC) >= 2000/uL (within 2 weeks prior to randomization)

   - Neutrophils >= 1000/uL (within 2 weeks prior to randomization)

   - Platelets >= 100 x 10^3/uL (within 2 weeks prior to randomization)

   - Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL (within 2 weeks prior to randomization)

   - Serum creatinine =< 2 x ULN (within 2 weeks prior to randomization)

   - Prior to randomization patients with any non-hematologic toxicity from surgery,
   chemotherapy and radiation therapy must have recovered to grade =< 1 with the
   exception of alopecia, ototoxicity and neuropathy

   - Patients must not be receiving any other investigational anti-cancer agents while on

   - Patients must not have known or suspected autoimmune disease; subjects with type I
   diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism requiring hormone replacement, or skin disorders not
   requiring systemic treatment are permitted to enroll

   - Patients must not have a condition requiring systemic corticosteroids equivalent to >
   10 mg prednisone per day or other immunosuppressive medications within 2 weeks of
   randomization; inhaled, intra-articular, and epidural steroids are permissible

   - Patients must not have known interstitial lung disease that is symptomatic or may
   interfere with the detection or management of suspected drug-related pulmonary

   - Patients must not have a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV),
   hepatitis B, or hepatitis C infection that is untreated and/or with a detectable viral

   - Patients must not have a history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of
   similar chemical or biologic composition to nivolumab


biological: Nivolumab

procedure: Biospecimen Collection

procedure: Computed Tomography

other: Observation

procedure: Positron Emission Tomography

procedure: Echocardiography

Not Recruiting

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Lisa Zhou