Neurocognitive Decline in Patients With Brain Metastases


Trial ID: NCT03508752


The phase I component of the study is to identify maximal tolerated dose (MTD). The phase II is to evaluate neurocognitive decline.

Official Title

Phase I/II Trial to Determine the Neurocognitive Decline in Patients With Multiple (>6) Brain Metastases Treated With Distributed Stereotactic Radiosurgery

Stanford Investigator(s)


Inclusion Criteria:

   1. Age ≥ 18 years.

   2. ECOG Performance Score of 2 or better/Karnofsky Performance score of 50-60 or better.

   3. Biopsy-proven non-hematopoietic malignancy, except for germ cell cancer. Small cell
   lung carcinoma is eligible for this study.

   4. Six or more metastases on diagnostic or treatment planning imaging, which include
   either CT Brain (with contrast) or MR Brain (with or without contrast) imaging.

   5. Largest tumor <= 4 cm.

   6. No prior SRS to the lesions which will be treated on protocol.

   7. Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception
   (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for
   the duration of study participation, and for 90 days following completion of therapy.
   Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this
   study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.

   A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation,
   marital status, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice)
   who meets the following criteria:

      - Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or

      - Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e.,
      has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months).

   8. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

   1. Prior whole brain radiotherapy

   2. Patients with leptomeningeal metastasis. (NOTE: For the purposes of exclusion, LMD is
   a clinical diagnosis, defined as positive CSF cytology and/or equivocal radiologic or
   clinical evidence of leptomeningeal involvement. Patients with leptomeningeal symptoms
   in the setting of leptomeningeal enhancement by imaging (MRI) would be considered to
   have LMD even in the absence of positive CSF cytology, unless a parenchymal lesion can
   adequately explain the neurologic symptoms and/or signs. In contrast, an asymptomatic
   or minimally symptomatic patient with mild or nonspecific leptomeningeal enhancement
   (MRI) would not be considered to have LMD. In that patient, CSF sampling is not
   required to formally exclude LMD, but can be performed at the investigator's
   discretion based on level of clinical suspicion.)

   3. Patients with life expectancy < 4 months.

   4. Psychiatric illness/social situations that, in the opinion of the investigator, would
   limit compliance with study requirements.

   5. Subjects must not be pregnant or nursing due to the potential for congenital
   abnormalities and the potential of this regimen to harm nursing infants.


radiation: Stereotactic Radiosurgery


Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305