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Phase 3 Study of Pexidartinib for Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis (PVNS) or Giant Cell Tumor of the Tendon Sheath (GCT-TS)
Trial ID: NCT02371369
This is a Phase 3 clinical study, which aims to evaluate the effectiveness of an investigational drug called pexidartinib for the treatment of certain tumors for which surgical removal could cause more harm than good. The main purpose of this study is to gather information about the investigational drug pexidartinib, which may help to treat tumors of pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) or giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath (GCT-TS). The study consists of two parts with a follow-up period. In Part 1, eligible study participants will be assigned to receive either pexidartinib or matching placebo for 24 weeks. A number of assessments will be carried out during the course of the study, including physical examinations, blood tests, imaging studies, electrocardiograms, and questionnaires. MRI scans will be used to evaluate the response of the tumors to the treatment. Some subjects, assigned to placebo in Part 1 transitioned to pexidartinib for Part 2. Then a protocol amendment was written to allow only pexidartinib patients to continue into Part 2. Part 2 is a long-term treatment phase in which all participants receive open-label pexidartinib. There was also a follow-up period added to Part 2.
A Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Phase 3 Study of Orally Administered PLX3397 in Subjects With Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis or Giant Cell Tumor of the Tendon Sheath
1. Age ≥ 18 years.
2. A diagnosis of PVNS or GCT-TS (i) that has been histologically confirmed either by a
pathologist at the treating institution or a central pathologist, and (ii) where
surgical resection would be associated with potentially worsening functional
limitation or severe morbidity (locally advanced disease), with morbidity determined
consensually by qualified personnel (eg, two surgeons or a multi-disciplinary tumor
3. Measurable disease of at least 2 cm and otherwise based on RECIST 1.1, assessed from
MRI scans by a central radiologist.
4. Symptomatic disease because of active PVNS or GCT-TS, defined as one or more of the
1. a worst pain of at least 4 at any time during the week preceding the Screening
Visit (based on scale of 0 to 10, with 10 representing "pain as bad as you can
2. a worst stiffness of at least 4 at any time during the week preceding the
Screening Visit (based on a scale of 0 to 10, with 10 representing "stiffness as
bad as you can imagine").
5. Stable prescription of analgesic regimen during the 2 weeks prior to randomization.
6. During the 2 weeks prior to randomization, at least 4 of 7 consecutive days of Brief
Pain Inventory (BPI) Worst Pain Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) items and Worst Stiffness
NRS items completed correctly.
7. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within the
14-day period prior to randomization. (Where demanded by local regulations, this test
may be required within 72 hours of randomization.)
8. Males and females of childbearing potential are permitted in the study so long as they
consent to avoid getting their partner pregnant or becoming pregnant, respectively, by
using a highly effective contraception method, as described below, throughout the
study and for up to 90 days after completion. Highly effective methods of
contraception include: intra-uterine device (non-hormonal or hormonal), bilateral
tubal occlusion, vasectomy, sexual abstinence, or barrier methods (eg, condom,
diaphragm) used in combination with hormonal methods associated with inhibition of
ovulation. Women of non-childbearing potential may be included if they are either
surgically sterile or have been postmenopausal for ≥ 1 year. Women who have
documentation of at least 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea and have a follicle
stimulating hormone (FSH) level > 40 milli-International units (mIU/mL) will be
9. Adequate hematologic, hepatic, and renal function, defined by:
- Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 × 10^9/L
- aspartate aminotransferase/alanine (AST/ALT) ≤ 1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Hemoglobin > 10 g/dL
- Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN
- Platelet count ≥ 100 × 10^9/L
- Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 × ULN
10. Willingness and ability to complete the Worst Pain NRS item, Worst Stiffness NRS item,
Patient-reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Physical Function
Scale, and other self-assessment instruments throughout the study.
11. Willingness and ability to use an electronic diary.
12. Willingness and ability to provide written informed consent prior to any study-related
procedures and to comply with all study requirements.
1. Investigational drug use within 28 days of randomization.
2. Previous use of pexidartinib or any biologic treatment targeting CSF-1 or the CSF-1R;
previous use of oral tyrosine kinase inhibitors, eg, imatinib or nilotinib, are
3. Active cancer (either concurrent or within the last year of starting study treatment)
that requires therapy (eg, surgical, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy), with the
exception of adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, melanoma
in-situ, carcinoma in-situ of the cervix or breast, or prostate carcinoma with a
prostate-specific antigen value <0.2 ng/mL.
4. Known metastatic PVNS/GCT-TS.
5. Active or chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) or hepatitis B virus or known
active or chronic infection with human immunodeficiency virus.
6. Known active tuberculosis.
7. Significant concomitant arthropathy in the affected joint, serious illness,
uncontrolled infection, or a medical or psychiatric history that, in the
Investigator's opinion, would likely interfere with the person's study participation
or the interpretation of his or her results.
8. Women who are breastfeeding.
9. A screening Fridericia corrected QT interval (QTcF) ≥ 450 ms (men) or ≥ 470 ms
10. MRI contraindications.
11. History of hypersensitivity to any excipients in the investigational product.
12. Inability to swallow capsules.
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