Stroke Hyperglycemia Insulin Network Effort (SHINE) Trial

Not Recruiting

Trial ID: NCT01369069


The Stroke Hyperglycemia Insulin Network Effort (SHINE) Trial is a multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial of 1400 patients that will include approximately 60 enrolling sites. The study hypotheses are that treatment of hyperglycemic acute ischemic stroke patients with targeted glucose concentration (80mg/dL - 130 mg/dL) will be safe and result in improved 3 month outcome after stroke.

Official Title

Stroke Hyperglycemia Insulin Network Effort (SHINE) Trial

Stanford Investigator(s)

James Quinn
James Quinn

Professor of Emergency Medicine, Emeritus

Nirali Vora
Nirali Vora

Clinical Professor, Neurology & Neurological Sciences

Marina Basina
Marina Basina

Clinical Professor, Medicine - Endocrinology, Gerontology, & Metabolism


Inclusion Criteria:

1. Age 18 years or older
2. Clinical diagnosis of ischemic stroke defined as acute neurological deficit occurring in one or more cerebral vascular territories. Neuroimaging must be done to exclude intracranial hemorrhage (ICH).
3. Randomization must be within 12 hours after stroke symptom onset and treatment is recommended, but not required, to begin within 3 hours after hospital arrival. If time of symptom onset is unclear or patient is awakening with stroke symptoms, the time of onset will be the time the patient was last known to be normal.
4. Known history of type 2 diabetes mellitus and glucose \>110 mg/dL OR admission blood glucose ≥150 mg/dL in those w/o known diabetes mellitus
5. Baseline NIHSS score of 3-22
6. Pre-stroke modified Rankin Scale score = 0 for patients with an NIHSS score of 3-7. Pre-stroke modified Rankin Scale score = 0 or 1 for patients with an NIHSS score of 8-22.
7. Able to provide a valid informed consent to be in the study (self or their authorized legally accepted representative). The approved consent form must be signed and dated in accordance with federal and institutional guidelines.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Known history of type 1 diabetes mellitus
2. Substantial pre-existing neurological or psychiatric illness that would confound the neurological assessment or other outcome assessment
3. Having received experimental therapy for the enrollment stroke. IV tPA (up to 4.5 hrs) or IA tPA are allowed as are IA therapies including use of FDA cleared devices. Non FDA cleared devices are considered experimental and are excluded.
4. Pregnant or breast-feeding at the time of study entry
5. Other serious conditions that make the patient unlikely to survive 90 days
6. Inability to follow the protocol or return for the 90 day follow up
7. Renal dialysis (including hemo or peritoneal dialysis)


drug: IV insulin to maintain target glucose concentration of 80-130 mg/dL

drug: Standard Care control - sliding scale insulin to keep glucose less than 180 mg/dL

Not Recruiting

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Rosen Mann
(650) 721-2645