Safety and Efficacy Continued Access Study of the Medtronic CoreValve® System in the Treatment of Symptomatic Severe Aortic Stenosis in Very High Risk Subjects and High Risk Subjects Who Need Aortic Valve Replacement

Not Recruiting

Trial ID: NCT01531374


The purpose of the study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Medtronic CoreValve® System in the treatment of symptomatic severe aortic stenosis in subjects who have a predicted very high risk and high risk for aortic valve surgery.

Official Title

Medtronic CoreValve® Continued Access Study

Stanford Investigator(s)


Inclusion Criteria:

   1. High Risk: Subject must have co-morbidities such that one cardiologist and two cardiac
   surgeons agree that predicted risk of operative mortality is ≥15% (and predicted
   operative mortality or serious, irreversible morbidity risk of < 50%) at 30 days.


   Extreme Risk: Subject must have co-morbidities such that one cardiologist and two
   cardiac surgeons agree that medical factors preclude operation, based on a conclusion
   that the probability of death or serious morbidity exceeds the probability of
   meaningful improvement. Specifically, the predicted operative risk of death or
   serious, irreversible morbidity is ≥ 50% at 30 days.

   2. Subject has senile degenerative aortic valve stenosis with:

      - Mean gradient > 40 mmHg, or jet velocity greater than 4.0 m/sec by either resting
      or dobutamine stress echocardiogram, or simultaneous pressure recordings at
      cardiac catheterization (either resting or dobutamine stress), AND

      - An initial aortic valve area of ≤ 0.8 cm2 (or aortic valve area index ≤ 0.5
      cm2/m2) by resting echocardiogram or simultaneous pressure recordings at cardiac

   3. Subject is symptomatic from his/her aortic valve stenosis, as demonstrated by New York
   Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Class II or greater.

   4. The subject or the subject's legal representative has been informed of the nature of
   the trial, agrees to its provisions and has provided written informed consent as
   approved by the IRB of the respective clinical site.

   5. The subject and the treating physician agree that the subject will return for all
   required post-procedure follow-up visits.

Exclusion Criteria:


   1. Evidence of an acute myocardial infarction ≤ 30 days before the intended treatment.

   2. Any percutaneous coronary or peripheral interventional procedure performed within 30
   days prior to the MCS TAVI procedure including bare metal and drug eluting stents.

   3. Blood dyscrasias as defined: leukopenia (WBC < 1000mm3), thrombocytopenia (platelet
   count <50,000 cells/mm3), history of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy.

   4. Untreated clinically significant coronary artery disease requiring revascularization.

   5. Cardiogenic shock manifested by low cardiac output, vasopressor dependence, or
   mechanical hemodynamic support.

   6. Need for emergency surgery for any reason.

   7. Severe ventricular dysfunction with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 20% as
   measured by resting echocardiogram.

   8. Recent (within 6 months) cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or transient ischemic attack

   9. End stage renal disease requiring chronic dialysis or creatinine clearance < 20

10. Active GI bleeding that would preclude anticoagulation.

11. A known hypersensitivity or contraindication to any of the following which cannot be
   adequately pre-medicated:

      - Aspirin

      - Heparin (HIT/HITTS) and bivalirudin

      - Nitinol (titanium or nickel)

      - Ticlopidine and clopidogrel

      - Contrast media

12. Ongoing sepsis, including active endocarditis.

13. Subject refuses a blood transfusion.

14. Life expectancy < 12 months due to associated non-cardiac co-morbid conditions.

15. Other medical, social, or psychological conditions that in the opinion of an
   Investigator precludes the subject from appropriate consent.

16. Severe dementia (resulting in either inability to provide informed consent for the
   trial/procedure, prevents independent lifestyle outside of a chronic care facility, or
   will fundamentally complicate rehabilitation from the procedure or compliance with
   follow-up visits).

17. Currently participating in an investigational drug or another device trial.

18. Symptomatic carotid or vertebral artery disease.


19. High Risk:Native aortic annulus size < 20 mm or > 29 mm per the baseline diagnostic
   imaging (until 23mm valve enrollment completion/closure in the CoreValve® US Pivotal
   Trial-High Risk Cohort)


   Extreme Risk: Native aortic annulus size < 18 mm or > 29 mm per the baseline
   diagnostic imaging. (High risk and extreme risk upon 23mm valve enrollment
   completion/closure in the CoreValve® US Pivotal Trial-High Risk Cohort)

20. Pre-existing prosthetic heart valve any position.

21. Mixed aortic valve disease (aortic stenosis and aortic regurgitation with predominant
   aortic regurgitation (3-4+)).

22. Moderate to severe (3-4+) or severe (4+) mitral or severe (4+) tricuspid

23. Moderate to severe mitral stenosis.

24. Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.

25. Echocardiographic evidence of new or untreated intracardiac mass, thrombus or

26. Severe basal septal hypertrophy with an outflow gradient.

27. Aortic root angulation (angle between plane of aortic valve annulus and horizontal
   plane/vertebrae) > 70° (for femoral and left subclavian/axillary access) and > 30°
   (for right subclavian/axillary access).

28. Ascending aorta diameter >43 mm if the aortic annulus diameter is 23-29 mm; ascending
   aortic diameter > 40 mm if the aortic annulus diameter is 20-23 mm; or an ascending
   aorta diameter > 34 mm if the aortic annulus diameter is 18-20 mm (Extreme Risk only
   until 23 mm valve enrollment completion/closure in the CoreValve® US Pivotal
   Trial-High Risk Cohort).

29. Congenital bicuspid or unicuspid valve verified by echocardiography.

30. Sinus of valsalva anatomy that would prevent adequate coronary perfusion.


31. Transarterial access not able to accommodate an 18Fr sheath.


device: Medtronic CoreValve® System Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI)

Not Recruiting

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305