Study Of Palbociclib Combined With Chemotherapy In Pediatric Patients With Recurrent/Refractory Solid Tumors


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Trial ID: NCT03709680


A study to learn about safety and find out maximum tolerable dose of palbociclib given in combination with chemotherapy (temozolomide with irinotecan or topotecan with cyclophosphamide) in children, adolescents and young adults with recurrent or refractory solid tumors (phase 1). Neuroblastoma tumor specific cohort to further evaluate antitumor activity of palbociclib in combination with topotecan and cyclophosphamide in children, adolescents, and young adults with recurrent or refractory neuroblastoma. Phase 2 to learn about the efficacy of palbociclib in combination with irinotecan and temozolomide when compared with irinotecan and temozolomide alone in the treatment of children, adolescents, and young adults with recurrent or refractory Ewing sarcoma (EWS).

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Stanford Investigator(s)



   1. Histologically confirmed relapsed or refractory solid tumor as follows:

      - For dose escalation and dose determination parts: Histologically confirmed
      relapsed or refractory solid tumor (including CNS tumors but not lymphomas).
      Patients with Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma do not require histological only
      radiographic confirmed relapse to enroll.

      - For dose expansion and tumor specific cohorts: Histologically confirmed relapsed
      or refractory solid tumor including but not limited to EWS, rhabdoid tumor,
      rhabdomyosarcoma, neuroblastoma, and medulloblastoma. Patients with Diffuse
      Intrinsic Pontine Glioma do not require histological only radiographic confirmed
      relapse to enroll. EWS is not eligible for TOPO and CTX tumor-specific cohorts.

      - For randomized Phase 2 part: Histologically confirmed Ewing sarcoma at diagnosis
      or at relapse, with presence of EWSR1-ETS or FUS-ETS rearrangement.
      Histopathology confirmation of both EWSR1-ETS or FUS-ETS rearrangement partners
      is required OR availability of formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tumor
      tissue sample for central testing. Patient must have relapsed or have refractory
      disease and at least evaluable disease in at least one site other than bone
      marrow that can be followed by imaging.

   2. Age ≥2 and <21 years at the time of study entry.

   3. Lansky performance status ≥50% for patients ≤16 years of age, or Eastern Cooperative
   Oncology Group (ECOG) 0, 1 or 2 for patients >16 years of age.

   4. Adequate bone marrow function.

      - Absolute neutrophil count ≥1000/mm3;

      - Platelet count ≥75,000/mm3 (transfusion independent, no platelet transfusion in
      past 7 days prior study entry);

      - Hemoglobin ≥8.5 g/dL (transfusion allowed).

   5. Adequate renal function: Serum creatinine level based on age/gender must within
   protocol specified limits.

   6. Adequate liver function, including:

      - Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT)

      ≤2.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN) or ≤5 × ULN for age, if attributable to
      disease involvement of the liver;

      - Total bilirubin ≤1.5 × ULN for age, unless the patient has documented Gilbert's
      syndrome.Patients with documented Gilbert's syndrome are eligible if direct
      bilirubin is within normal ranges (≤ULN).

   7. Patients enrolled to Phase 1 portion of the study and tumor specific cohorts must have
   measurable disease as defined by RECIST version 1.1 or modified RANO criteria for CNS
   disease or at least evaluable disease by INRC for neuroblastoma.

   The eligible patients with neuroblastoma must have at least one of the following at
   the time of study entry:

      - Measurable tumor by CT or MRI that is avid on MIBG scan or demonstrates increased
      FDG uptake on PET scan;

      - Avid lesion on MIBG scan with positive uptake at a minimum of one site;

      - For disease that is not avid by MIBG-scan, at least one lesion that demonstrates
      increased FDG uptake on PET scan AND viable neuroblastoma confirmed by current or
      prior biopsy;

      - bone marrow involvement with more than 5% neuroblastoma cells in at least one
      sample from bilateral bone marrow biopsies;

      - In non MIBG-avid refractory soft tissue disease that does not demonstrate
      increased FDG uptake; lesion biopsy is required to document the presence of
      viable neuroblastoma, unless patient has a new soft tissue lesion (radiographic
      evidence of disease progression).

   Patients with EWS enrolled to Phase 2 portion of the study are eligible with evaluable
   disease (eg, bone only disease with no soft tissue component).

   8. Recovered to CTCAE Grade ≤1, or to baseline, from any non-hematological acute
   toxicities of prior surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiotherapy,
   differentiation therapy or biologic therapy, with the exception of alopecia.

   9. Serum/urine pregnancy test (for all girls ≥8 years of age) negative at screening and
   at the baseline visit.


   1. Phase 1 and tumor specific cohorts: For palbociclib with IRN and TMZ combination,
   prior treatment with a CDK4/6 inhibitor or progression while on treatment with an
   IRN-containing regimen that includes TMZ. Patients who have received the combination
   of IRN and TMZ and did not progress while on these medications are eligible. For
   patients enrolling in the palbociclib with TOPO and CTX combination, prior treatment
   with a CDK4/6 inhibitor or progression while on treatment with a TOPO-containing
   regimen that includes CTX. Patients who have received the combination of TOPO and CTX
   and did not progress while on these medications are eligible. Phase 2 portion: prior
   treatment with a CDK4/6 inhibitor or progression while on treatment with an
   IRN-containing or TMZ-containing regimen. Patients who have received IRN and/or TMZ
   and did not progress while on these medications are eligible.

   2. Prior intolerability to IRN and/or TMZ plus/minus palbociclib with IRN and TMZ
   combination and prior intolerability to TOPO and/or CTX for TOPO and CTX combination.
   For patients enrolled in the UK, any contraindication for IRN and/or TMZ treatment, as
   per the local SmPC.

   3. Use of strong cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A inhibitors or inducers within 12 days of study
   entry. Patients who are receiving strong uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyl transferase
   1A1 (UGT1A1) inhibitors within 12 days of Cycle 1 Day 1 (C1D1) are not eligible for
   the palbociclib with IRN and TMZ combination. Patients who are receiving strong UGT1A1
   inhibitors within 12 days of C1D1 are eligible for the palbociclib with TOPO and CTX
   combination (See Section 5.7.1 for list of products.)

   4. Systemic anti cancer therapy within 2 weeks prior to study entry and 6 weeks for

   5. Prior irradiation to >50% of the bone marrow (see Appendix 9).

   6. Participation in other studies involving investigational drug(s) within 2 weeks or 5
   half lives, whichever is longer, prior to study entry.

   7. Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to study entry. Surgical biopsies or central line
   placement are not considered major surgeries.

   8. For IRN and TMZ with/without palbociclib combinations: known or suspected
   hypersensitivity to palbociclib, dacarbazine, IRN and/or TMZ. For combination of
   palbociclib with TOPO and CTX: known or suspected hypersensitivity to palbociclib,
   TOPO and/or CTX.

   9. Patients with known symptomatic brain tumors or brain metastases and require steroids,
   unless they have been on a stable or on a decreasing steroid dose for >14 days.

10. Patients with previously diagnosed brain metastases are eligible if they have
   completed their prior treatment and have recovered from the acute effects of radiation
   therapy or surgery prior to study entry for these metastases for at least 14 days post
   radiation and 4 weeks post-surgery and are neurologically stable.

11. Hereditary bone marrow failure disorder.

12. QTc >470 msec.

13. History of clinically significant or uncontrolled cardiac disease, including:

      - History of or active congestive heart failure; if patient had congestive heart
      failure resolve and >1 year from resolution, patient will be considered eligible;

      - Clinically significant ventricular arrhythmia (such as ventricular tachycardia,
      ventricular fibrillation or Torsades de Pointes);

      - Diagnosed or suspected congenital or acquired prolonged QT syndrome;

      - Need for medications known to prolong the QT interval;

      - Uncorrected hypomagnesemia or hypokalemia because of potential effects on the QT

      - Left ventricular ejection fraction <50% or shortening fraction <28%.

14. Recent or ongoing clinically significant gastrointestinal disorder that may interfere
   with absorption of orally administered drugs (eg, gastrectomy).

15. Evidence of serious active or uncontrolled bacterial, fungal or viral infection or
   known history of hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, or human immunodeficiency virus
   infection or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related illness. Screening for viral
   hepatitis and HIV is under discretion of investigator unless required by local

16. Severe acute or chronic medical or laboratory test abnormality that may increase the
   risk associated with study participation or investigational product administration or
   may interfere with the interpretation of study results, and in the judgment of the
   Investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study.

17. Investigator site staff members directly involved in the conduct of the study and
   their family members, site staff members otherwise supervised by the investigator, or
   patients who are Pfizer employees, including their family members, directly involved
   in the conduct of the study.

18. Fertile male patients or female patients of childbearing potential who are unwilling
   or unable to follow contraceptive requirements.

19. Pregnant or breastfeeding women.


drug: Palbociclib

drug: Temozolomide

drug: Irinotecan

drug: Topotecan

drug: Cyclophosphamide


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Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Richard Fu

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