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US Phase I Study of ECT-001-CB in Patients With Sickle-Cell Disease
Trial ID: NCT04594031
The application of experimental hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) therapy in sickle-cell disease (SCD) must strike a balance between the underlying disease severity and the possibility of a direct benefit of the treatment, particularly in pediatric populations. Clinical studies in adults with SCD have focused on interventions that prolong survival and improve the quality of life. Unlike children, adults with SCD are much more likely to have a debilitating complication. As a result, the risk/benefit ratio of HCT is very favorable in adults, particularly if an approach to HCT that defines an acceptable level of toxicity can be established. Whereas hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains the only curative treatment currently available for patients with SCD, the morbidity, the frequent irreversible damage in target organs and the mortality reported in the natural course of patients with severe SCD are strong incentives to perform HSCTs in younger age groups. For those who lack a matched related donor, CB transplant is an appealing option, but despite been less problematic, CB accessibility related to cell dose of appropriately matched cord blood unit (CBU) remains a significant issue. Through a 7-day culture process of a CBU's hematopoietic stem cell HSCs with the UM171 compound, the total cell dose is increased mitigating this limitation. UM171-CB expansion (ECT-001-CB) allows a greater CB accessibility, the selection of better matched cords that might translate into favourable clinical outcomes as reported in previous trials, including a lower risk of graft-versus-host disease. After CB selection and ex-vivo expansion, ECT-001-CB transplant will follow a myeloablative reduced-toxicity conditioning regimen consisting of rATG, busulfan and fludarabine with doses of all agents optimized to the individual using model-based dosing and will be followed by standard supportive care and GVHD prophylaxis consisting of tacrolimus and MMF.
A Phase I Multicenter Study of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant of ECT-001-Expanded Cord Blood With a Reduced Toxicity Conditioning Regimen in Patients With Severe Sickle Cell Disease
1. Be ≥ 5-30 years of age.
2. Have a diagnosis of SCD, with either βS/βS, βS/β0, βS/β+ or βS/βC genotype and
followed at a center of excellence for SCD with at least 2 years of detailed past
medical records available.
3. Have severe disease i.e. have experienced one or more of the following SCD related
events, in spite of appropriate supportive care measures (e.g. pain management,
1. Recurrent severe vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) (≥2 episodes/year in the prior 2
years): an episode of pain lasting >2 hours severe enough to require care at a
medical facility. Note that priapism that lasts >2 hours and requires care at a
medical facility is also considered a VOC. To meet this criterion, subjects must
have either experienced hydroxyurea failure at any point in the past (defined as
>1 VOC or ≥1 acute chest syndrome (ACS) after taking hydroxyurea for ≥3 months)
or must have intolerance to hydroxyurea (defined as inability to be maintained on
an adequate dose of hydroxyurea due to marrow suppression or severe drug-induced
toxicity [e.g. gastrointestinal distress, fatigue]).
2. ACS (≥2 total episodes in the prior 2 years, with at least one episode in the
past year), defined as an acute event with pneumonia-like symptoms, hypoxemia and
the presence of a new pulmonary infiltrate. To meet this criterion, subjects must
have either experienced hydroxyurea failure or have intolerance to hydroxyurea,
as defined above.
3. History of an overt stroke, defined as a sudden onset neurologic deficit lasting
more than 24 hours that is accompanied by cerebral MRI changes.
4. patients on chronic transfusions are eligible, provided medical records
documenting any of the above severity criteria are available prior to starting
the transfusion program.
4. Availability of 1 CB unit ≥ 6/8 HLA match (when A, B, C and DRB1 are performed at the
allelic level resolution) with of at least CD34+ cell count 1.5 x 105/kg and total
nucleated cells (TNC) 1.5 x 107/kg (pre-freeze)
5. Have adequate organ function to undergo a myeloablative (reduced toxicity
6. Have a Lansky/Karnofsky performance status of ≥ 80.
7. An appropriate and willing HLA-matched sibling donor is not available.
1. Prior HSCT or gene-therapy.
2. Positive for presence of HIV-1 or HIV-2, hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C virus
(HCV). (Note that patients who have been vaccinated against hepatitis B [hepatitis B
surface antibody (HBsAb)-positive] or patients with positive hepatitis B core and/or
hepatitis B-e antibodies are also eligible provided viral load is negative by
quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Patients who are positive for
anti-hepatitis C antibody are eligible as long as they have a negative HCV viral load
by qPCR). Positive serology for human T-lymphotropic virus-1 (HTLV-1), syphilis (rapid
plasma reagin (RPR)), toxoplasmosis.
3. Clinically significant and active bacterial, viral, fungal, or parasitic infection as
determined by PI.
4. A white blood cell count <2 × 10e9/L, and/or platelet count <50 × 10e9/L.
5. Any prior or current malignancy or myeloproliferative or a significant coagulation or
6. Advanced liver disease, defined as:
1. Persistent aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase, or direct bilirubin
value >5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN); or
2. Cirrhosis or bridging fibrosis; or
3. Baseline prothrombin time or partial thromboplastin time > 1.5 x ULN; or
4. in chronically transfused patients a liver iron concentration (LIC) of ≥ 15 mg/g
on T2* Magnetic Resonance Imaging [MRI] of liver.
7. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <45% and for patients on chronic
transfusions a cardiac T2* < 10 ms by MRI.
8. Baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2.
9. Baseline oxygen saturation < 85% without supplemental oxygen (excluding periods of SCD
crisis or infection).
10. Diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) <50% of predicted (corrected for
hemoglobin and/or alveolar volume).
11. Any contraindication to general anaesthesia.
12. Participation in another clinical study with an investigational drug within 30 days of
13. Diagnosis of a significant psychiatric disorder as deemed as the PI that could
seriously impede the subject's ability to participate in the study.
14. Pregnancy or breastfeeding in a postpartum female or absence of adequate contraception
for fertile patients. Females of child bearing potential are required to use effective
contraception from enrollment through at least 6 months after drug product infusion.
Male patients are required to use effective contraception from enrollment through at
least 6 months after drug product infusion.
15. An assessment by the PI that the subject would not comply with the study procedures
outlined in the protocol.
16. Any abnormal condition or laboratory result that is considered by the PI capable of
altering patient condition or study outcome.
Note: should a patient be out of range for any numerical exclusion criteria, the PI is
allowed to repeat the dosage once during the screening period to definitely determine
biological: ECT-001-CB (UM171-Expanded Cord Blood Transplant)
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
David Shyr, MD