Vincristine Sulfate, Topotecan Hydrochloride, and Cyclophosphamide With or Without Bevacizumab in Treating Young Patients With Refractory or First Recurrent Extracranial Ewing Sarcoma

Not Recruiting

Trial ID: NCT00516295


This phase II trial study has a 6-patient feasibility portion studying the tolerability of chemotherapy with vincristine sulfate together with topotecan hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, and bevacizumab in treating young patients with refractory or first recurrent extracranial Ewing's sarcoma. If the therapy is considered tolerable, this feasibility run-in will be followed by a randomized phase II portion studying giving vincristine sulfate together with topotecan hydrochloride, and cyclophosphamide to see how well it works compared with giving vincristine sulfate together with topotecan hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, and bevacizumab in treating young patients with refractory or first recurrent extracranial Ewing's sarcoma. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vincristine sulfate, topotecan hydrochloride, and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Bevacizumab may also stop tumor growth by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Giving combination chemotherapy together with bevacizumab may kill more tumor cells.

Official Title

A Randomized Phase II Study of Bevacizumab (NSC 704865) Combined With Vincristine, Topotecan and Cyclophosphamide in Patients With First Recurrent Ewing Sarcoma

Stanford Investigator(s)


Inclusion Criteria:

   - ALT =< 5 times ULN for age

   - Urine protein: creatinine ratio =< 0.5 OR 24-hour urine protein < 1,000 mg

   - At least 6 weeks since other prior substantial bone marrow radiation

   - At least 28 days since prior major surgical procedures (e.g., resection of tumor,
   laparotomy, thoracotomy, or open biopsy)

   - At least 2 weeks since prior myelosuppressive chemotherapy (4 weeks for nitrosoureas)

   - At least 2 weeks since prior local palliative radiotherapy (e.g., small port)

   - Diagnosis of extracranial Ewing sarcoma or primitive neuroectodermal tumor of bone or
   soft tissue meeting 1 of the following criteria: I) a first recurrence of localized
   disease; II) a first recurrence of initially metastatic disease; III) disease
   refractory to initial conventional therapy

   - Patients must have RECIST-measurable disease documented by clinical, radiographic, or
   histological criteria

   - Patients who do not have measurable disease (e.g., bone scan-determined metastatic
   disease only) remain eligible for the study and will be evaluable for disease-free

   - Karnofsky performance status (PS) 50-100% (> 16 years of age) OR Lansky PS 50-100% (=<
   16 years of age )

   - Life expectancy >= 8 weeks

   - Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,000/μL

   - NOTE: Patients with tumor metastatic to bone marrow are permitted to receive
   transfusions to maintain hemoglobin and platelet counts. These patients will not be
   evaluable for hematologic toxicity. Patients who are refractory to platelet infusions
   (i.e., unable to maintain platelet counts > 75,000/μL) and have marrow involvement and
   platelet counts < 75,000/μL are not eligible

   - Fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy,
   or radiotherapy

   - At least 1 week since prior therapy with a biologic agent or growth factor

   - Patients must have histological verification of the malignancy at original diagnosis

   - Histological confirmation of relapse is highly recommended but not mandatory

   - Prior initial therapy with topotecan hydrochloride is allowed as long as > 2 years
   have elapsed since the initial diagnosis of Ewing sarcoma

   - Prior therapy with cyclophosphamide or vincristine is allowed

   - Minor surgical procedures (e.g., biopsies) for limited purposes of tissue retrieval

   - Minor procedures include indwelling IV catheter placement and needle biopsy for
   diagnostic purposes

   - For minor surgeries, patients should not receive the first planned dose of bevacizumab
   until the wound is healed and 7 days have elapsed

   - At least 6 months since prior craniospinal radiotherapy or radiotherapy to >= 50% of
   the pelvis

   - At least 3 months since prior autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT)

   - Platelet count >= 75,000/μL (transfusion independent)

   - Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL (may receive RBC transfusions)

   - Direct bilirubin =< 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) for age

   - Creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR >= 70 mL/min OR serum creatinine normal for

   - Hypertension must be well controlled on stable doses of medication for >= 2 weeks
   prior to enrollment

   - Negative pregnancy test

   - Female patients who are lactating must agree to stop breast-feeding

   - II) The patient has no active bleeding or pathological condition that carries a high
   risk of bleeding (e.g., tumor involving major vessels or known varices)

   - Shortening fraction > 28% OR ejection fraction > 50%

   - Recovered from any prior surgical procedure

   - Sexually active patients of childbearing potential must agree to use effective

   - Patients on full-dose anticoagulants (e.g., warfarin) with PT INR > 1.5 are eligible
   if both of these criteria are met:

   - I) The patient has an in-range INR (usually between 2 and 3) on a stable dose of oral
   anticoagulant or on a stable dose of low molecular weight heparin

Exclusion Criteria:

   - Radiological or clinical evidence for parenchymal brain metastases or neuro axis

   - Documented, chronic nonhealing wound, ulcer, or significant traumatic injury (those
   with bone fractures, including pathological fractures, or requiring surgical
   intervention) within the past 28 days

   - Other bone complications

   - Deep venous thrombosis (including pulmonary embolism) within the past 3 months

   - Recent (i.e., within 6 months) arterial thromboembolic events, including transient
   ischemic attack or cerebrovascular accident

   - History of myocardial infarction, severe or unstable angina, or peripheral vascular
   disease Prior bevacizumab

   - Radiotherapy or surgery for local control of recurrent disease concurrently with
   bevacizumab (bevacizumab must be held if radiotherapy or surgery is required)

   - Radiotherapy to localized painful lesions is allowed, provided >= 1 measurable lesion
   is not irradiated

   - Radiotherapy for local metastatic tumor control allowed after the first 2 courses of

   - Other cancer chemotherapy or immunomodulating agents

   - Steroid use is allowed

   - Prior allogeneic SCT


biological: bevacizumab

drug: vincristine sulfate

drug: cyclophosphamide

drug: topotecan hydrochloride

Not Recruiting

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Jennifer Lew

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